SLUSB20B November   2012  – December 2015

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics: Supply Current
    6. 7.6  Digital Input and Output DC Characteristics
    7. 7.7  Power-on Reset
    8. 7.8  2.5-V LDO Regulator
    9. 7.9  Internal Clock Oscillators
    10. 7.10 ADC (Temperature and Cell Measurement) Characteristics
    11. 7.11 Integrating ADC (Coulomb Counter) Characteristics
    12. 7.12 Data Flash Memory Characteristics
    13. 7.13 I2C-Compatible Interface Communication Timing Requirements
    14. 7.14 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Power Modes
        1. 8.4.1.1 BAT INSERT CHECK Mode
        2. 8.4.1.2 NORMAL Mode
        3. 8.4.1.3 SLEEP Mode
      2. 8.4.2 SLEEP+ Mode
      3. 8.4.3 HIBERNATE Mode
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Standard Data Commands
      2. 8.5.2 Extended Data Commands
      3. 8.5.3 Communications
        1. 8.5.3.1 I2C Interface
        2. 8.5.3.2 I2C Time Out
        3. 8.5.3.3 I2C Command Waiting Time
        4. 8.5.3.4 I2C Clock Stretching
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 BAT Voltage Sense Input
        2. 9.2.2.2 SRP and SRN Current Sense Inputs
        3. 9.2.2.3 Sense Resistor Selection
        4. 9.2.2.4 TS Temperature Sense Input
        5. 9.2.2.5 Thermistor Selection
        6. 9.2.2.6 REGIN Power Supply Input Filtering
        7. 9.2.2.7 VCC LDO Output Filtering
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 10.1 Power Supply Decoupling
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 11.1.1 Sense Resistor Connections
      2. 11.1.2 Thermistor Connections
      3. 11.1.3 High-Current and Low-Current Path Separation
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Community Resources
    3. 12.3 Trademarks
    4. 12.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 12.5 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

1 Features

  • Single-Series Cell Li-Ion Battery Fuel Gauge Resides on System Board
    • Integrated 2.5 VDC LDO
    • External Low-Value 10-mΩ Sense Resistor
  • Patented Impedance Track™ Technology
    • Adjusts for Battery Aging, Self-Discharge, Temperature, and Rate Changes
    • Reports Remaining Capacity, State-of-Charge (SOC), and Time-to-Empty
    • Optional Smoothing Filter
    • Battery State-of-Health (Aging) Estimation
    • Supports Embedded or Removable Packs with up to 32A hr Capacity
    • Accommodates Pack Swapping With 2 Separate Battery Profiles
  • Microcontroller Peripheral Supports:
    • 400-kHz I2C Serial Interface
    • 32 Bytes of Scratch-Pad FLASH NVM
    • Battery Low Digital Output Warning
    • Configurable SOC Interrupts
    • External Thermistor, Internal Sensor, or Host-reported Temperature Options
  • Tiny 15-pin, 2610 × 1956 µm, 0.5-mm pitch
    NanoFree™ (DSBGA) Package

2 Applications

  • Smartphones, Feature Phones, and Tablets
  • Digital Still and Video Cameras
  • Handheld Terminals
  • MP3 or Multimedia Players

3 Description

The Texas Instruments bq27520-G4 system-side Li-Ion battery fuel gauge is a microcontroller peripheral that provides fuel gauging for single-cell Li-Ion battery packs. The device requires little system microcontroller firmware development. The fuel gauge resides on the main board of the system and manages an embedded battery (non-removable) or a removable battery pack.

The fuel gauge uses the patented Impedance Track™ algorithm for fuel gauging, and provides information such as remaining battery capacity (mAh), state-of-charge (%), run-time to empty (minimum), battery voltage (mV), temperature (°C), and state of health (%).

Battery fuel gauging requires only PACK+ (P+), PACK– (P–), and optional Thermistor (T) connections to a removable battery pack or embedded battery circuit. The device uses a 15-ball NanoFree™ (DSBGA) package in the nominal dimensions of 2610 × 1956 µm with 0.5-mm lead pitch. It is ideal for space-constrained applications.

Device Information(1)

PART NUMBER PACKAGE BODY SIZE (NOM)
bq27520-G4 DSBGA (15) 2.610 mm x 1.956 mm
(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at the end of the datasheet.

Typical Application Diagram

bq27520-G4 bq27520_typ_app.gif