SLVSAM9D April 2011 – December 2015 DRV8802
The VMA and VMB pins must be bypassed to GND using low-ESR ceramic bypass capacitors with a recommended value of 0.1-μF rated for VMx. This capacitor must be placed as close to the VMA and VMB pins as possible with a thick trace or ground plane connection to the device GND pin.
The VMA and VMB pins must be bypassed to ground using an appropriate bulk capacitor. This component may be an electrolytic and must be located close to the DRV8802.
A low-ESR ceramic capacitor must be placed in between the VMA and VCP pins. TI recommends a value of 0.1-μF rated for 16 V. Place this component as close to the pins as possible. Also, place a 1-MΩ resistor between VCP and VMA.
Bypass V3P3 to ground with a ceramic capacitor rated 6.3 V. Place this bypass capacitor as close to the pin as possible
The DRV8802 has thermal shutdown (TSD) as described in Thermal Shutdown (TSD). If the die temperature exceeds approximately 150°C, the device is disabled until the temperature drops to a safe level.
Any tendency of the device to enter TSD is an indication of either excessive power dissipation, insufficient heatsinking, or too high an ambient temperature.
Power dissipation in the DRV8802 is dominated by the power dissipated in the output FET resistance, or RDS(ON). Average power dissipation of each H-bridge when running a DC motor can be roughly estimated by Equation 3.
Note that at start-up and fault conditions this current is much higher than normal running current; these peak currents and their duration also must be taken into consideration. The factor of 2 comes from the fact that at any instant two FETs are conducting winding current (one high-side and one low-side).
The total device dissipation is the power dissipated in each of the two H-bridges added together.
The maximum amount of power that can be dissipated in the device is dependent on ambient temperature and heatsinking.
RDS(ON) increases with temperature, so as the device heats, the power dissipation increases. This must be taken into consideration when sizing the heatsink.
The PowerPAD™ package uses an exposed pad to remove heat from the device. For proper operation, this pad must be thermally connected to copper on the PCB to dissipate heat. On a multi-layer PCB with a ground plane, this can be accomplished by adding a number of vias to connect the thermal pad to the ground plane. On PCBs without internal planes, copper area can be added on either side of the PCB to dissipate heat. If the copper area is on the opposite side of the PCB from the device, thermal vias are used to transfer the heat between top and bottom layers.
For details about how to design the PCB, refer to TI application report, PowerPAD™ Thermally Enhanced Package (SLMA002), and TI application brief, PowerPAD™ Made Easy (SLMA004), available at www.ti.com.
In general, the more copper area that can be provided, the more power can be dissipated.