SNLS477B October 2014 – November 2018 DS90UB948-Q1
The adaptive frame rate control FRC dithering feature delivers product-differentiating image quality. It reduces 24-bit RGB (8 bits per sub-pixel) to 18-bit RGB (6 bits per sub-pixel), smoothing color gradients, and allowing the flexibility to use lower cost 18-bit displays. FRC dithering is a method to emulate missing colors on a lower color depth LCD display by changing the pixel color slightly with every frame. FRC is achieved by controlling on and off pixels over multiple frames (temporal). Static dithering regulates the number of on and off pixels in a small defined pixel group (spatial). The FRC module includes both temporal and spatial methods and also Hi-FRC. Conventional FRC can display only 16,194,277 colors with 6-bit RGB source. Hi-FRC enables full (16,777,216) color on an 18-bit LCD panel. The adaptive FRC module also includes input pixel detection to apply specific Spatial dithering methods for smoother gray level transitions. When enabled, the lower LSBs of each RGB output are not active; only 18-bit data (6 bits per R,G and B) are driven to the display. This feature is enabled via serial control bus register. Two FRC functional blocks are available, and may be independently enabled. FRC1 precedes the white-balance LUT, and is intended to be used when 24-bit data is being driven to an 18-bit display with a white-balance LUT that is calibrated for an 18-bit data source. The second FRC block, RC2, follows the white balance block and is intended to be used when fine adjustment of color temperature is required on an 18-bit color display, or when a 24-bit source drives an 18-bit display with a white-balance LUT calibrated for 24-bit source data.
For proper operation of the FRC dithering feature, the user must provide a description of the display timing control signals. The timing mode, sync mode (HS, VS) or DE only must be specified, along with the active polarity of the timing control signals. All this information is entered to device control registers via the serial bus interface.
Adaptive Hi-FRC dithering consists of several components. Initially, the incoming 8-bit data is expanded to 9-bit data. This allows the effective dithered result to support a total of 16.7 million colors. The incoming 9-bit data is evaluated, and one of four possible algorithms is selected. The majority of incoming data sequences are supported by the default dithering algorithm. Certain incoming data patterns (black/white pixel, full on/off sub-pixel) require special algorithms designed to eliminate visual artifacts associated with these specific gray level transitions. Three algorithms are defined to support these critical transitions.
Figure 42 describes whether the 6-bit value is increased by 1 (“1”) or left unchanged (“0”). In this case, the 3 truncated LSBs are 001.