184.108.40.206.1 Sample BIST Sequence
Note: Before BIST can be enabled, D_GPIO0 (pin 19) must be strapped HIGH and D_GPIO[3:1] (pins 16, 17, and 18) must be strapped LOW.
- BIST Mode is enabled through the BISTEN pin of deserializer. The desired clock source is selected through the deserializer BISTC pin.
- The serializer is awakened through the back channel if it is not already on. An all-zeros pattern is balanced, scrambled, randomized, and sent through the FPD-Link III interface to the deserializer. Once the serializer and the deserializer are in BIST mode and the deserializer acquires LOCK, the PASS pin of the deserializer goes high and BIST starts checking the data stream. If an error in the payload (1 to 35) is detected, the PASS pin switches low for one half of the clock period. During the BIST test, the PASS output can be monitored and counted to determine the payload error rate per 35 bits.
- To stop BIST mode, set the BISTEN pin LOW. The deserializer stops checking the data, and the final test result is held on the PASS pin. If the test ran error-free, the PASS output remains HIGH. If there one or more errors were detected, the PASS output outputs constant LOW. The PASS output state is held until a new BIST is run, the device is RESET, or the device is powered down. BIST duration is user-controlled and may be of any length.
The link returns to normal operation after the deserializer BISTEN pin is low. Figure 30 shows the waveform diagram of a typical BIST test for two cases. Case 1 is error-free, and Case 2 shows one with multiple errors. In most cases, it is difficult to generate errors due to the robustness of the link (differential data transmission, and so forth). Errors may be introduced by greatly extending the cable length, faulting the interconnect medium, or reducing signal condition enhancements (Rx equalization).
Figure 29. BIST Mode Flow Diagram