SNVSB28 December 2017 LM25575-Q1
The regulator supply voltage has a large source impedance at the switching frequency. Good quality input capacitors are necessary to limit the ripple voltage at the VIN pin while supplying most of the switch current during the on-time. When the buck switch turns on, the current into the VIN pin steps to the lower peak of the inductor current waveform, ramps up to the peak value, then drops to zero at turn-off. The average current into VIN during the on-time is the load current. The input capacitance should be selected for RMS current rating and minimum ripple voltage. A good approximation for the required ripple current rating necessary is IRMS > IOUT / 2.
Quality ceramic capacitors with a low ESR should be selected for the input filter. To allow for capacitor tolerances and voltage effects, two 1.0 µF, 100 V ceramic capacitors will be used. If step input voltage transients are expected near the maximum rating of the LM25575-Q1, a careful evaluation of ringing and possible spikes at the device VIN pin should be completed. An additional damping network or input voltage clamp may be required in these cases.