SBOS562F August 2011 – July 2016 INA826

PRODUCTION DATA.

- 1 Features
- 2 Applications
- 3 Description
- 4 Revision History
- 5 Device Comparison Table
- 6 Pin Configuration and Functions
- 7 Specifications
- 8 Detailed Description
- 8.1Overview
- 8.2Functional Block Diagram
- 8.3Feature Description
- 8.4Device Functional Modes

- 9 Application and Implementation
- 10Power Supply Recommendations
- 11Layout
- 12Device and Documentation Support
- 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

NOTE

Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

The low power consumption, high performance, and low cost of the INA826 make the device an excellent instrumentation amplifier for many applications. The INA826 can be used in many low-power, portable applications because the device has a low quiescent current (200 µA, typ) and comes in a small 8-pin WSON package. The input protection circuitry, low maximum gain drift, low offset voltage, and 36-V maximum supply voltage also make the INA826 an ideal choice for industrial applications as well.

Figure 63 shows a three-terminal programmable-logic controller (PLC) design for the INA826. This PLC reference design accepts inputs of ±10 V or ±20 mA. The output is a single-ended voltage of 2.5 V ±2.3 V (or 200 mV to 4.8 V). Many PLCs typically have these input and output ranges.

This design has these requirements:

- Supply voltage: ±15 V, 5 V
- Inputs: ±10 V, ±20 mA
- Output: 2.5 V, ±2.3 V

There are two modes of operation for the circuit shown in Figure 63: current input and voltage input. This design requires R_{1} >> R_{2} >> R_{3}. Given this relationship, the current input mode transfer function is given by Equation 2.

Equation 2.

where

- G represents the gain of the instrumentation amplifier

The transfer function for the voltage input mode is shown by Equation 3.

Equation 3.

R_{1} sets the input impedance of the voltage input mode. The minimum typical input impedance is 100 kΩ. 100 kΩ is selected for R_{1} because increasing the R_{1} value also increases noise. The value of R_{3} must be extremely small compared to R_{1} and R_{2}. 20 Ω for R_{3} is selected because that resistance value is much smaller than R_{1} and yields an input voltage of ±400 mV when operated in current mode (±20 mA).

Equation 4 can be used to calculate R_{2} given V_{D} = ±400 mV, V_{IN} = ±10 V, and R_{1} = 100 kΩ.

Equation 4.

The value obtained from Equation 4 is not a standard 0.1% value, so 4.12 kΩ is selected. R_{1} and R_{2} also use 0.1% tolerance resistors to minimize error.

The ideal gain of the instrumentation amplifier is calculated with Equation 5.

Equation 5.

Using the INA826 gain equation, the gain-setting resistor value is calculated as shown by Equation 6.

Equation 6.

10.4 kΩ is a standard 0.1% resistor value that can be used in this design. Finally, the output RC filter components are selected to have a –3-dB cutoff frequency of 1 MHz.

The INA826 used in an example programmable logic controller (PLC) input application is shown in Figure 67.

Additional application ideas are illustrated in Figure 68 to Figure 72.

TINA is a simple, powerful, and easy-to-use circuit simulation program based on a SPICE engine. TINA-TI is a free, fully-functional version of the TINA software, preloaded with a library of macromodels in addition to a range of both passive and active models. TINA provides all the conventional dc, transient, and frequency domain analysis of SPICE as well as additional design capabilities.

Available as a free download from the Analog eLab Design Center, TINA-TI offers extensive post-processing capability that allows users to format results in a variety of ways. Virtual instruments offer users the ability to select input waveforms and probe circuit nodes, voltages, and waveforms, creating a dynamic quick-start tool.

Figure 68 and Figure 70 illustrate example TINA-TI circuits for the INA826 that can be used to develop, modify, and assess the circuit design for specific applications. Links to download these simulation files are provided in this section.

NOTE

These files require that either the TINA software (from DesignSoft) or TINA-TI software be installed. Download the free TINA-TI software from the TINA-TI folder.

The circuit in Figure 68 is used to convert inputs of ±10 V, ±5 V, or ±20 mA to an output voltage range from 0.5 V to 4.5 V. The input selection depends on the settings of SW_{1} and SW_{2}. Further explanation as well as the TINA-TI simulation circuit is provided in the compressed file that can be downloaded at the following link: *PLC Circuit*.

Figure 69 is an example of a LEAD I ECG circuit. The input signals come from leads attached to the right arm (RA) and left arm (LA). These signals are simulated with the circuitry in the corresponding boxes. Protection resistors (R_{PROT1} and R_{PROT2}) and filtering are also provided. The OPA333 is used as an integrator to remove the gained-up dc offsets and servo the INA826 outputs to V_{REF}. Finally, the right leg drive is biased to a potential (+V_{S} / 2) and inverts and amplifies the average common-mode signal back into the patient's right leg. This architecture reduces the 50- and 60-Hz noise pickup.

Figure 70 shows an example of how the INA826 can be used for low-side current sensing. The load current (I_{LOAD}) creates a voltage drop across the shunt resistor (R_{SHUNT}). This voltage is amplified by the INA826 with gain set to 100. The output swing of the INA826 is set by the common-mode voltage (which is 0 V in low-side current sensing) and power supplies. Therefore, a dual-supply circuit is implemented. The load current is set from 1 A to 10 A, corresponding to an output voltage range from 350 mV to 3.5 V. The output range can be adjusted by changing the shunt resistor and the gain of the INA826. Click the following link to download the TINA-TI file: *Current Sensing Circuit*.

Figure 71 shows an example of how the INA826 can be used for RTD signal conditioning. This circuit creates an excitation current (I_{SET}) by forcing 2.5 V from the REF5025 across R_{SET}. The zero-drift, low-noise OPA188 creates the virtual ground that maintains a constant differential voltage across R_{SET} with changing common-mode voltage. This voltage is necessary because the voltage on the positive input of the INA826 fluctuates over temperature as a result of the changing RTD resistance. Click the following link to download the TINA-TI file: *RTD Circuit*.

The circuit in Figure 72 creates a precision current I_{SET} by forcing the INA826 V_{DIFF} across R_{SET}. The input voltage V_{IN} is amplified to the output of the INA826 and then divided down by the gain of the INA826 to create V_{DIFF}. I_{SET} can be controlled either by changing the value of the gain-set resistor R_{G}, the set resistor R_{SET}, or by changing V_{OUT} through the gain of the composite loop. Care must be taken to ensure that the changing load resistance R_{L} does not create a voltage on the negative input of the INA826 that violates the compliance of the common-mode input range. Likewise, the voltage on the output of the OPA170 must remain compliant throughout the changing load resistance for this circuit to function properly.