SBOS562F August 2011  – July 2016 INA826


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4Thermal Information
    5. 7.5Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1Overview
    2. 8.2Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Inside the INA826
      2. 8.3.2 Setting the Gain
        1. Drift
      3. 8.3.3 Offset Trimming
      4. 8.3.4 Input Common-Mode Range
      5. 8.3.5 Input Protection
      6. 8.3.6 Input Bias Current Return Path
      7. 8.3.7 Reference Terminal
      8. 8.3.8 Dynamic Performance
      9. 8.3.9 Operating Voltage
        1. Operation
      10. 8.3.10Error Sources
    4. 8.4Device Functional Modes
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1Application Information
    2. 9.2Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 9.2.3Application Curves
    3. 9.3System Examples
      1. 9.3.1Circuit Breaker
      2. 9.3.2Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Input
      3. 9.3.3Using TINA-TI SPICE-Based Analog Simulation Program with the INA826
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1Layout Guidelines
      1. 11.1.1CMRR vs Frequency
    2. 11.2Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1Related Documentation
    2. 12.2Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3Community Resources
    4. 12.4Trademarks
    5. 12.5Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

9 Application and Implementation


Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

9.1 Application Information

The low power consumption, high performance, and low cost of the INA826 make the device an excellent instrumentation amplifier for many applications. The INA826 can be used in many low-power, portable applications because the device has a low quiescent current (200 µA, typ) and comes in a small 8-pin WSON package. The input protection circuitry, low maximum gain drift, low offset voltage, and 36-V maximum supply voltage also make the INA826 an ideal choice for industrial applications as well.

9.2 Typical Application

Figure 63 shows a three-terminal programmable-logic controller (PLC) design for the INA826. This PLC reference design accepts inputs of ±10 V or ±20 mA. The output is a single-ended voltage of 2.5 V ±2.3 V (or 200 mV to 4.8 V). Many PLCs typically have these input and output ranges.

INA826 ai_3-term_plc_bos562.gif Figure 63. Three-Terminal PLC Design

9.2.1 Design Requirements

This design has these requirements:

  • Supply voltage: ±15 V, 5 V
  • Inputs: ±10 V, ±20 mA
  • Output: 2.5 V, ±2.3 V

9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure

There are two modes of operation for the circuit shown in Figure 63: current input and voltage input. This design requires R1 >> R2 >> R3. Given this relationship, the current input mode transfer function is given by Equation 2.

Equation 2. INA826 q_curr_mode_xfer_function_bos562.gif


  • G represents the gain of the instrumentation amplifier

The transfer function for the voltage input mode is shown by Equation 3.

Equation 3. INA826 q_voltage_input_mode_xfer_function_bos562.gif

R1 sets the input impedance of the voltage input mode. The minimum typical input impedance is 100 kΩ. 100 kΩ is selected for R1 because increasing the R1 value also increases noise. The value of R3 must be extremely small compared to R1 and R2. 20 Ω for R3 is selected because that resistance value is much smaller than R1 and yields an input voltage of ±400 mV when operated in current mode (±20 mA).

Equation 4 can be used to calculate R2 given VD = ±400 mV, VIN = ±10 V, and R1 = 100 kΩ.

Equation 4. INA826 q_r2_vd_vin_r1_bos562.gif

The value obtained from Equation 4 is not a standard 0.1% value, so 4.12 kΩ is selected. R1 and R2 also use 0.1% tolerance resistors to minimize error.

The ideal gain of the instrumentation amplifier is calculated with Equation 5.

Equation 5. INA826 q_ideal_gain_bos562.gif

Using the INA826 gain equation, the gain-setting resistor value is calculated as shown by Equation 6.

Equation 6. INA826 q_gain_setting_value_bos562.gif

10.4 kΩ is a standard 0.1% resistor value that can be used in this design. Finally, the output RC filter components are selected to have a –3-dB cutoff frequency of 1 MHz.

9.2.3 Application Curves

Figure 64 and Figure 65 illustrate typical characteristic curves for Figure 63.

INA826 G071_bos562.png
Figure 64. PLC Output Voltage vs Input Voltage
INA826 G070_bos562.png
Figure 65. PLC Output Voltage vs Input Current

9.3 System Examples

9.3.1 Circuit Breaker

Figure 66 shows the INA826 used in a circuit breaker application.

INA826 ai_circuit_breaker_bos562.gif Figure 66. Circuit Breaker Example

9.3.2 Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Input

The INA826 used in an example programmable logic controller (PLC) input application is shown in Figure 67.

INA826 ai_plc_input_bos562.gif Figure 67. ±10-V, 4-mA to 20-mA PLC Input

Additional application ideas are illustrated in Figure 68 to Figure 72.

9.3.3 Using TINA-TI SPICE-Based Analog Simulation Program with the INA826

TINA is a simple, powerful, and easy-to-use circuit simulation program based on a SPICE engine. TINA-TI is a free, fully-functional version of the TINA software, preloaded with a library of macromodels in addition to a range of both passive and active models. TINA provides all the conventional dc, transient, and frequency domain analysis of SPICE as well as additional design capabilities.

Available as a free download from the Analog eLab Design Center, TINA-TI offers extensive post-processing capability that allows users to format results in a variety of ways. Virtual instruments offer users the ability to select input waveforms and probe circuit nodes, voltages, and waveforms, creating a dynamic quick-start tool.

Figure 68 and Figure 70 illustrate example TINA-TI circuits for the INA826 that can be used to develop, modify, and assess the circuit design for specific applications. Links to download these simulation files are provided in this section.


These files require that either the TINA software (from DesignSoft) or TINA-TI software be installed. Download the free TINA-TI software from the TINA-TI folder.

The circuit in Figure 68 is used to convert inputs of ±10 V, ±5 V, or ±20 mA to an output voltage range from 0.5 V to 4.5 V. The input selection depends on the settings of SW1 and SW2. Further explanation as well as the TINA-TI simulation circuit is provided in the compressed file that can be downloaded at the following link: PLC Circuit.

INA826 ai_plc_bos562.gif Figure 68. Two-Terminal Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Input

Figure 69 is an example of a LEAD I ECG circuit. The input signals come from leads attached to the right arm (RA) and left arm (LA). These signals are simulated with the circuitry in the corresponding boxes. Protection resistors (RPROT1 and RPROT2) and filtering are also provided. The OPA333 is used as an integrator to remove the gained-up dc offsets and servo the INA826 outputs to VREF. Finally, the right leg drive is biased to a potential (+VS / 2) and inverts and amplifies the average common-mode signal back into the patient's right leg. This architecture reduces the 50- and 60-Hz noise pickup.

INA826 ai_ecg_bos562.gif Figure 69. ECG Circuit

Figure 70 shows an example of how the INA826 can be used for low-side current sensing. The load current (ILOAD) creates a voltage drop across the shunt resistor (RSHUNT). This voltage is amplified by the INA826 with gain set to 100. The output swing of the INA826 is set by the common-mode voltage (which is 0 V in low-side current sensing) and power supplies. Therefore, a dual-supply circuit is implemented. The load current is set from 1 A to 10 A, corresponding to an output voltage range from 350 mV to 3.5 V. The output range can be adjusted by changing the shunt resistor and the gain of the INA826. Click the following link to download the TINA-TI file: Current Sensing Circuit.

INA826 ai_lo_side_isense_bos562.gif Figure 70. Low-Side Current Sensing

Figure 71 shows an example of how the INA826 can be used for RTD signal conditioning. This circuit creates an excitation current (ISET) by forcing 2.5 V from the REF5025 across RSET. The zero-drift, low-noise OPA188 creates the virtual ground that maintains a constant differential voltage across RSET with changing common-mode voltage. This voltage is necessary because the voltage on the positive input of the INA826 fluctuates over temperature as a result of the changing RTD resistance. Click the following link to download the TINA-TI file: RTD Circuit.

INA826 ai_rtd_bos562.gif Figure 71. RTD Signal Conditioning

The circuit in Figure 72 creates a precision current ISET by forcing the INA826 VDIFF across RSET. The input voltage VIN is amplified to the output of the INA826 and then divided down by the gain of the INA826 to create VDIFF. ISET can be controlled either by changing the value of the gain-set resistor RG, the set resistor RSET, or by changing VOUT through the gain of the composite loop. Care must be taken to ensure that the changing load resistance RL does not create a voltage on the negative input of the INA826 that violates the compliance of the common-mode input range. Likewise, the voltage on the output of the OPA170 must remain compliant throughout the changing load resistance for this circuit to function properly.

INA826 ai_industrial_isource_bos562.gif Figure 72. Precision Current Source