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The LMV76x are single-supply comparators with 120 ns of propagation delay and 300 µA of supply current.
A typical application for a LMV76x comparator is a programmable square-wave oscillator.
The circuit in Figure 23 generates a square wave whose period is set by the RC time constant of the capacitor C1 and resistor R4. V+ = 5 V unless otherwise specified.
The maximum frequency is limited by the large signal propagation delay of the comparator and by the capacitive loading at the output, which limits the output slew rate.
Consider the output of Figure 23 is high to analyze the circuit. That implies that the inverted input (VC) is lower than the noninverting input (VA). This causes the C1 to be charged through R4, and the voltage VC increases until it is equal to the noninverting input. The value of VA at this point is calculated by Equation 4:
If R1 = R2 = R3, then VA1 = 2 VCC / 3
At this point the comparator switches pulling down the output to the negative rail. The value of VA at this point is calculated by Equation 5:
If R1 = R2 = R3, then VA2 = VCC / 3.
The capacitor C1 now discharges through R4, and the voltage VC decreases until it is equal to VA2, at which point the comparator switches again, bringing it back to the initial stage. The time period is equal to twice the time it takes to discharge C1 from 2 VCC / 3 to VCC / 3, which is given by R4C1 × ln2. Hence, the formula for the frequency is calculated by Equation 6:
Figure Figure 25 shows the simulated results of an oscillator using the following values: