SN65HVDA100-Q1 LIN Physical Interface |

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LIN Physical Interface

LIN Physical Interface - SN65HVDA100-Q1


The SN65HVDA100 device is the Local Interconnect Network (LIN) physical interface, which integrates the serial transceiver with wakeup and protection features. The LIN bus is a single-wire bidirectional bus typically used for low-speed in-vehicle networks using data rates from 2.4 kbps to 20 kbps. The LIN protocol output data stream on TXD is converted by the SN65HVDA100 into the LIN bus signal through a current-limited wave-shaping driver as outlined by the LIN Physical Layer Specification. The receiver converts the data stream from the LIN bus and outputs the data stream through RXD. The LIN bus has two states: dominant state (voltage near ground) and recessive state (voltage near battery). In the recessive state, the LIN bus is pulled high by the internal pullup resistor (30 kΩ) and series diode, so no external pullup components are required for slave applications. Master applications require an external pullup resistor (1 kΩ) plus a series diode per the LIN specification.

In sleep mode, low quiescent current is needed even though the wake-up circuits remain active and allow for remote wake up through the LIN bus or local wake up through the NWake or EN pins.

The SN65HVDA100 has been designed for operation in the harsh automotive environment. The device also prevents back-feed current through LIN to the supply input in case of a ground shift or supply voltage disconnection. The device also features undervoltage, overtemperature, and loss-of-ground protection. In the event of a fault condition, the transmitter is immediately switched off and remains off until the fault condition is removed.


  • Qualified for Automotive Applications
  • Local Interconnect Network (LIN) Physical Layer
    Specification Revision 2.1 Compliant and
    Conforms to SAEJ2602 Recommended Practice
    for LIN
  • Extended Operation With Supply From 5 V to
    27 V DC (LIN Specification 7 V to 18 V)
  • LIN Transmit Speed up to 20-kbps LIN Specified
    Maximum, High-Speed Receive Capable
  • Sleep Mode: Ultra-Low Current Consumption
    Allows Wake-Up Events From: LIN Bus, Wake-Up
    Input (External Switch) or Host MCU
  • Wake-Up Request on RXD Pin
  • Wake-Up Source Recognition on TXD Pin
  • Interfaces to MCU With 5-V or 3.3-V I/O Pins
  • High Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
  • Control of External Voltage Regulator (INH Pin)
  • Supports ISO9141 (K-Line) -Like Functions
  • ESD Protection to ±12 kV (Human Body Model)
    on LIN Pin
  • LIN Pin Handles Voltage From –27 V to 45 V
    (Short to Battery or Ground)
  • Survives Transient Damage in Automotive
    Environment (ISO 7637)
  • Undervoltage Protection on VSUP
  • TXD Dominant State Time-Out Protection
  • Prevention of False Wakeups With Bus Stuck
    Dominant Fault
  • Thermal Shutdown
  • Unpowered Node or Ground Disconnection
    Failsafe at System Level, Node Does Not Disturb
    Bus (No Load on Bus)


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Part number Order Protocols Number of channels (#) Supply voltage(s) (V) Bus fault voltage (V) Common mode voltage (V) Signaling rate (Max) (Mbps) Low power mode HBM ESD (kV) IEC 61000-4-2 contact (+/- kV) Isolated Rating Operating temperature range (C) Package Group
SN65HVDA100-Q1 Order now LIN     1     5 to 27     -27 to 45         0.1     Sleep
4         No     Automotive     -40 to 125     SOIC | 8