TL851 Sonar Ranging Control |


Sonar Ranging Control

Sonar Ranging Control - TL851


The TL851 is an economical digital I2L ranging control integrated circuit designed for use with the Texas Instruments TL852 sonar ranging receiver integrated circuit.

The TL851 is designed for distance measurement from six inches to 35 feet. The device has an internal oscillator that uses a low-cost external ceramic resonator. With a simple interface and a 420-kHz ceramic resonator, the device will drive a 50-kHz electrostatic transducer.

The device cycle begins when Initiate (INIT) is taken to the high logic level. There must be at least 5 ms from initial power-up (VCC) to the first initiate signal in order for all the device internal latches to reset and for the ceramic-resonator-controlled oscillator to stabilize. The device will transmit a burst of 16 pulses each time INIT is taken high.

The oscillator output (OSC) is enabled by INIT. The oscillator frequency is the ceramic resonator frequency divided by 8.5 for the first 16 cycles (during transmit) and then the oscillator frequency changes to the ceramic resonator frequency divided by 4.5 for the remainder of the device cycle.

When used with an external 420-kHz ceramic resonator, the device internal blanking disables the receive input (REC) for 3.8 ms after initiate to exclude false receive inputs that may be caused by transducer ringing. The internal blanking feature also eliminates echos from objects closer than 1.3 feet from the transducer. If it is necessary to detect objects closer than 1.3 feet, then the internal blanking may be shortened by taking the blanking inhibit (BINH) high, enabling the receive input. The blanking input (BLNK) may be used to disable the receive input and reset ECHO to a low logic level at any time during the device cycle for selective echo exclusion or for a multiple-echo mode of operation.

The device provides a synchronous 4-bit gain control output (12 steps) designed to control the gain of the TL852 sonar ranging receiver integrated circuit. The digital gain control waveforms are shown in Figure 2 with the nominal transition times from INIT listed in the Gain Control Output Table.

The threshold of the internal receive level detector is 1.2 V. The TL851 operates over a supply voltage range of 4.5 V to 6.8 V and is characterized for operation from 0°C to 40°C.


  • Designed for Use With the TL852 in Sonar Ranging Modules Like the SN28827
  • Operates With Single Supply
  • Accurate Clock Output for External Use
  • Synchronous 4-Bit Gain Control Output
  • Internal 1.2-V Level Detector for Receive
  • TTL-Compatible
  • Interfaces to Electrostatic or Piezoelectric Transducers