SBOS757 May 2016 TLV2369 , TLV369


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4Thermal Information: TLV369
    5. 6.5Thermal Information: TLV2369
    6. 6.6Electrical Characteristics
    7. 6.7Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1Overview
    2. 7.2Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1Operating Voltage
      2. 7.3.2Input Common-Mode Voltage Range
      3. 7.3.3Protecting Inputs from Overvoltage
    4. 7.4Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1Application Information
    2. 8.2Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3Application Curve
    3. 8.3System Examples
      1. 8.3.1Battery Monitoring
      2. 8.3.2Window Comparator
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1Related Documentation
        1. Links
    2. 11.2Community Resources
    3. 11.3Trademarks
    4. 11.4Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

8 Application and Implementation


Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

8.1 Application Information

When designing for ultra-low power, choose system components carefully. To minimize current consumption, select large-value resistors. Any resistors can react with stray capacitance in the circuit and the input capacitance of the operational amplifier. These parasitic RC combinations can affect the stability of the overall system. Use of a feedback capacitor assures stability and limits overshoot or gain peaking.

8.2 Typical Application

A typical application for an operational amplifier is an inverting amplifier, as shown in Figure 15. An inverting amplifier takes a positive voltage on the input and outputs a signal inverted to the input, making a negative voltage of the same magnitude. In the same manner, the amplifier also makes negative input voltages positive on the output. In addition, amplification can be added by selecting the input resistor RI and the feedback resistor RF.

TLV369 TLV2369 app_sch_sbos757.gif Figure 15. Application Schematic

8.2.1 Design Requirements

The supply voltage must be chosen to be larger than the input voltage range and the desired output range. The limits of the input common-mode range (VCM) and the output voltage swing to the rails (VO) must also be considered. For instance, this application scales a signal of ±0.5 V (1 V) to ±1.8 V (3.6 V). Setting the supply at ±2.5 V is sufficient to accommodate this application.

8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure

Determine the gain required by the inverting amplifier using Equation 1 and Equation 2:

Equation 1. TLV369 TLV2369 app_eq1_sbos754.gif
Equation 2. TLV369 TLV2369 app_eq2_sbos754.gif

When the desired gain is determined, choose a value for RI or RF. Choosing a value in the kilohm range is desirable for general-purpose applications because the amplifier circuit uses currents in the milliamp range. This milliamp current range ensures that the device does not draw too much current. The trade-off is that very large resistors (100s of kilohms) draw the smallest current but generate the highest noise. Very small resistors (100s of ohms) generate low noise but draw high current. This example uses 10 kΩ for RI, meaning 36 kΩ is used for RF. These values are determined by Equation 3:

Equation 3. TLV369 TLV2369 app_eq3_sbos754.gif

8.2.3 Application Curve

TLV369 TLV2369 D125_SBOS754.gif Figure 16. Inverting Amplifier Input and Output

8.3 System Examples

8.3.1 Battery Monitoring

The low operating voltage and quiescent current of the TLV369 series make the family an excellent choice for battery-monitoring applications, as shown in Figure 17.

TLV369 TLV2369 ai_battery_bos757.gif Figure 17. Battery Monitor

In this circuit, VSTATUS is high as long as the battery voltage remains above 2 V. A low-power reference is used to set the trip point. Resistor values are selected as follows:

  1. Selecting RF: Select RF such that the current through RF is approximately 1000 times larger than the maximum bias current over temperature, as given by Equation 4:
  2. Equation 4. TLV369 TLV2369 q_rf_bos757.gif
  3. Choose the hysteresis voltage, VHYST. For battery-monitoring applications, 50 mV is adequate.
  4. Calculate R1 as calculated by Equation 5:
  5. Equation 5. TLV369 TLV2369 q_r1_bos757.gif
  6. Select a threshold voltage for VIN rising (VTHRS) = 2.0 V.
  7. Calculate R2 as given by Equation 6:
  8. Equation 6. TLV369 TLV2369 q_r2_bos757.gif
  9. Calculate RBIAS: The minimum supply voltage for this circuit is 1.8 V. The REF1112 has a current requirement of 1.2 μA (max). Providing the REF1112 with 2 μA of supply current assures proper operation. Therefore, RBIAS is as given by Equation 7.
  10. Equation 7. TLV369 TLV2369 q_rbias_bos757.gif

8.3.2 Window Comparator

Figure 18 shows the TLV2369 used as a window comparator. The threshold limits are set by VH and VL, with VH greater than VL. When VIN is less than VH, the output of A1 is low. When VIN is greater than VL, the output of A2 is low. Therefore, both op amp outputs are at 0 V as long as VIN is between VH and VL. This architecture results in no current flowing through either diode, Q1 is in cutoff, with the base voltage at 0 V, and VOUT forced high.

TLV369 TLV2369 ai_window_bos757.gif Figure 18. TLV2369 as a Window Comparator

If VIN falls below VL, the output of A2 is high, current flows through D2, and VOUT is low. Likewise, if VIN rises above VH, the output of A1 is high, current flows through D1, and VOUT is low. The window comparator threshold voltages are set as shown by Equation 8 and Equation 9:

Equation 8. TLV369 TLV2369 q_vh_bos757.gif
Equation 9. TLV369 TLV2369 q_vl_bos757.gif