SLUS821J October 2008  – May 2017

PRODUCTION DATA. 

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4Thermal Information
    5. 7.5Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6Timing Requirements
    7. 7.7Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1Overview
    2. 8.2Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1Undervoltage Lockout
      2. 8.3.2Power On
      3. 8.3.3Power-Path Management
        1. 8.3.3.1Input Source Connected - Adapter or USB
          1. 8.3.3.1.1Input Voltage Dynamic Power Management, (VIN_DPM)
          2. 8.3.3.1.2Dynamic Power Path Management (DPPM)
          3. 8.3.3.1.3Battery Supplement Mode
        2. 8.3.3.2Input Source Not Connected
      4. 8.3.4Thermal Regulation and Thermal Shutdown
      5. 8.3.5Battery Pack Temperature Monitoring
        1. 8.3.5.1Modifying / Extending the Allowable Temperature Range for Charging
    4. 8.4Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1Battery Charging
        1. 8.4.1.1Charge Current Translator
        2. 8.4.1.2Battery Detection and Recharge
        3. 8.4.1.3Termination Disable (TD Input, bq24230)
        4. 8.4.1.4Adjustable Termination Threshold (ITERM Input, bq24232)
        5. 8.4.1.5Dynamic Charge Timers (TMR Input)
        6. 8.4.1.6Status Indicators (PGOOD, CHG)
          1. 8.4.1.6.1Timer Fault
      2. 8.4.2Explanation of Deglitch Times and Comparator Hysteresis
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1Application Information
    2. 9.2Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1Using The bq24232 In A Stand-Alone Charger Application
        1. 9.2.1.1Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1Calculations
            1. 9.2.1.2.1.1Program The Fast-Charge Current (ISET):
            2. 9.2.1.2.1.2Program The Input Current Limit (ILIM)
            3. 9.2.1.2.1.3Program The Termination Current Threshold (ITERM, bq24232)
            4. 9.2.1.2.1.4Program 7.5-hour Fast-Charge Safety Timer (TMR)
          2. 9.2.1.2.2TS Function
          3. 9.2.1.2.3 CHG and PGOOD
          4. 9.2.1.2.4Selecting In, Out, and BAT Pin Capacitors
        3. 9.2.1.3Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2Using The bq24230 in a Host Controlled Charger Application
        1. 9.2.2.1Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 9.2.2.3Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 10.1Requirements for OUT Output
    2. 10.2USB Sources and Standard AC Adapters
    3. 10.3Half-Wave Adapters
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2Layout Example
    3. 11.3Thermal Package
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1Related Documentation
    2. 12.2Related Links
    3. 12.3Trademarks
    4. 12.4Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 12.5Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Features

  • Fully Compliant USB Charger
    • Selectable 100-mA and 500-mA Maximum Input Current
    • 100-mA Maximum Current Limit Ensures Compliance to USB-IF Standard
    • Input-based Dynamic Power Management (VIN- DPM) for Protection Against Poor USB Sources
  • 28-V Input Rating With Overvoltage Protection
  • Integrated Dynamic Power-Path Management (DPPM) Function Simultaneously and Independently Powers the System and Charges the Battery
  • Supports up to 500-mA Charge Current With Current Monitoring Output (ISET)
  • Programmable Input Current Limit up to 500 mA for Wall Adapters
  • Programmable Termination Current (bq24232)
  • Programmable Precharge and Fast-Charge Safety Timers
  • Reverse Current, Short-Circuit, and Thermal Protection
  • NTC Thermistor Input
  • Proprietary Start-Up Sequence Limits Inrush Current
  • Status Indication – Charging/Done, Power Good
  • Small 3 mm × 3 mm 16-Lead QFN Package

Applications

  • Bluetooth™ Devices
  • Low-Power Handheld Devices

Description

The bq2423x series of devices are highly integrated Li-ion linear chargers and system power-path management devices targeted at space-limited portable applications. The devices operate from either a USB port or ac adapter and support charge currents between 25 mA and 500 mA. The high-input-voltage range with input overvoltage protection supports low-cost, unregulated adapters. The USB input current limit accuracy and start-up sequence allow the bq2423x to meet USB-IF inrush current specification. Additionally, the input dynamic power management (VIN-DPM) prevents the charger from crashing poorly designed or incorrectly configured USB sources.

The bq2423x features dynamic power-path management (DPPM) that powers the system while simultaneously and independently charging the battery. The DPPM circuit reduces the charge current when the input current limit causes the system output to fall to the DPPM threshold, thus supplying the system load at all times while monitoring the charge current separately. This feature reduces the number of charge and discharge cycles on the battery, allows for proper charge termination, and enables the system to run with a defective or absent battery pack. Additionally, this enables instant system turn-on even with a totally discharged battery. The power-path management architecture also permits the battery to supplement the system current requirements when the adapter cannot deliver the peak system currents, enabling the use of a smaller adapter.

The battery is charged in three phases: conditioning, constant current, and constant voltage. In all charge phases, an internal control loop monitors the IC junction temperature and reduces the charge current if the internal temperature threshold is exceeded.

The charger power stage and charge current sense functions are fully integrated. The charger function has high-accuracy current and voltage regulation loops, charge status display, and charge termination. The input current limit and charge current are programmable using external resistors.

Device Information(1)

PART NUMBERPACKAGEBODY SIZE (NOM)
bq24230VQFN (16)3.00 mm × 3.00 mm
bq24232
  1. For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at the end of the datasheet.

Typical Application Circuit

bq24230 bq24232 ap2a_cirfp_lus821.gif

Revision History

Changes from I Revision (November 2015) to J Revision

  • Changed from "Table 2" to "Table 1" in the Pin Functions Description column for pins EN2/EN1Go

Changes from H Revision (June 2015) to I Revision

Changes from G Revision (March 2015) to H Revision

  • Changed CE pin Description in the Pin Functions table from "Connect CE to a high logic level to place the battery charger in standby mode...." to "Connect CE to a high logic level to disable battery charging".Go
  • Changed the ILIM pin Description From: "Connect a 2.75-kΩ to 8.4-kΩ resistor...." To: "Connect a 3.1-kΩ to 7.8-kΩ resistor..."Go
  • Changed "IPRECHG Precharge current" spec to "KIPRECHG Precharge current factor" in the Electrical Characteristics table.Go
  • Moved timing specifications from Electrical Characteristics table to Timing Requirements table Go
  • Changed Requirements for OUT Output section text from "> VBATUVLO" to "around 2.2 V". Go

Changes from F Revision (November 2014) to G Revision

  • Added text to ILIM pin description for clarification.Go
  • Moved Tstg spec to Absolute Maximum Ratings table and changed Handling Ragtings table title to ESD Ratings Go
  • Deleted text string from second paragraph of Power On description for clarification Go

Changes from E Revision (January 2014) to F Revision

  • Added Device Information and Handling Rating tables, Feature Description section, Device Functional Modes, Programming section, Application and Implementation section, Power Supply Recommendations section, Layout section, Device and Documentation Support section, and Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information section Go
  • Changed VRCH spec MIN, TYP, MAX terminology from VO(REG) to VBAT(REG) Go
  • Added "Reset the timers by toggling CE pin." in the Dynamic Charge timers (TMR) Input description.Go

Changes from D Revision (December 2013) to E Revision

  • Added TJ= 85°C to conditions statement for IBAT(PDWN) specification.Go

Changes from C Revision (July 2010) to D Revision

  • Changed the ILIM pin Description From: "Connect a 3.1-kΩ to 7.8-kΩ resistor..." To: "Connect a 2.75-kΩ to 8.4-kΩ resistor..."Go
  • Changed POWER PATH IIN max Test Condition From: RILIM = 3.1 kΩ to 7.8 kΩ To: RILIM = 2.75 kΩ to 8.4 kΩGo
  • Changed UNITS from "ms" to "V" for VLOWV specification in Electrical Characteristics table.Go
  • Changed text following Equation 1 From: The valid resistor range is 3.2 kΩ to 8 kΩ To: The valid resistor range is 2.75 kΩ to 8.4 kΩGo
  • Changed the Program the Input Current Limit (ILIM) section: KILIM = 1470 AΩ To: KILIM = 1530 AΩGo
  • Changed the Program the Input Current Limit (ILIM) section: RISET = 1470 AΩ / 0.5 A = 2.94 kΩ To: RISET = 1530 AΩ / 0.5 A = 3.06 kΩGo
  • Changed Program the Input Current Limit (ILIM) text From: Select the closest standard value, which for this case is 2.94 kΩ To: Select the closest standard value, which for this case is 3.06 kΩGo

Changes from B Revision (March 2009) to C Revision

Changes from A Revision (December 2008) to B Revision

  • Changed Absolute Maximum Ratings IO, OUT From: 600 mA To: 1700 mAGo
  • Changed Absolute Maximum Ratings IO, BAT (Discharge mode) From: 600 mA To: 1700 mAGo
  • Changed Recommended Operating Conditions IBAT From 500 MA To: 1500 mAGo
  • Changed Recommended Operating Conditions ICHG From 500 MA To: 1500 mAGo
  • Added POWER PATH KILIM Test Conditions: ILIM = 200 mA to 500 mAGo
  • Changed the POWER PATH KILIM Values From: MIN =1320 TYP = 1470 MAX = 1620 To: MIN = 1380 TYP = 1530 MAX =1680Go
  • Changed BATTERY CHARGER VBAT(REG) MAX value From: 4.24 To: 4.23Go

Changes from * Revision (October 2008) to A Revision

  • Changed the second paragraph of the DESCRIPTIONGo