Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter with FIFOs - PC16550D

PC16550D (ACTIVE)

Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter with FIFOs

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Description

The PC16550D is an improved version of the original 16450 Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART). Functionally identical to the 16450 on powerup (CHARACTER mode)* the PC16550D can be put into an alternate mode (FIFO mode) to relieve the CPU of excessive software overhead.

In this mode internal FIFOs are activated allowing 16 bytes (plus 3 bits of error data per byte in the RCVR FIFO) to be stored in both receive and transmit modes. All the logic is on chip to minimize system overhead and maximize system efficiency. Two pin functions have been changed to allow signalling of DMA transfers.

The UART performs serial-to-parallel conversion on data characters received from a peripheral device or a MODEM, and parallel-to-serial conversion on data characters received from the CPU. The CPU can read the complete status of the UART at any time during the functional operation. Status information reported includes the type and condition of the transfer operations being performed by the UART, as well as any error conditions (parity, overrun, framing, or break interrupt).

The UART includes a programmable baud rate generator that is capable of dividing the timing reference clock input by divisors of 1 to (216-1), and producing a 16 × clock for driving the internal transmitter logic. Provisions are also included to use this 16 × clock to drive the receiver logic. The UART has complete MODEM-control capability, and a processor-interrupt system. Interrupts can be programmed to the user's requirements, minimizing the computing required to handle the communications link.

The UART is fabricated using National Semiconductor's advanced M2CMOS process.

*Can also be reset to 16450 Mode under software control.

†Note: This part is patented.


Features

  • Capable of running all existing 16450 software.
  • Pin for pin compatible with the existing 16450 except for CSOUT (24) and NC (29). The former CSOUT and NC pins are TXRDY# and RXRDY#, respectively.
  • After reset, all registers are identical to the 16450 register set.
  • In the FIFO mode transmitter and receiver are each buffered with 16 byte FIFO's to reduce the number of interrrupts presented to the CPU.
  • Adds or deletes standard asynchronous communication bits (start, stop, and parity) to or from the serial data.
  • Holding and shift registers in the 16450 Mode eliminate the need for precise synchronization between the CPU and serial data.
  • Independently controlled transmit, receive, line status, and data set interrupts.
  • Programmable baud generator divides any input clock by 1 to (216 - 1) and generates the 16 × clock.
  • Independent receiver clock input.
  • MODEM control functions (CTS, RTS, DSR, DTR, RI, and DCD).
  • Fully programmable serial-interface characteristics:
    • 5-, 6-, 7-, or 8-bit characters
    • Even, odd, or no-parity bit generation and detection
    • 1-, 1½-, or 2-stop bit generation
    • Baud generation (DC to 1.5M baud).
  • False start bit detection.
  • Complete status reporting capabilities.
  • TRI-STATE® TTL drive for the data and control buses.
  • Line break generation and detection.
  • Internal diagnostic capabilities:
    • Loopback controls for communications link fault isolation
    • Break, parity, overrun, framing error simulation.
  • Full prioritized interrupt system controls.

TRI-STATE® is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor Corp.

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Parametrics Compare all products in UART

 
Number of Channels (#)
FIFOs (bytes)
Operating Voltage (V)
Operating Temperature Range (C)
Pin/Package
Approx. Price (US$)
Rating
Baud Rate (max) at Vcc = 5.0V and with 16X Sampling (Mbps)
PC16550D NS16C2552 NS16C2752 PC16552D
1     2     2     2    
16     16     64     16    
5     3.3
5    
3.3
5    
5    
0 to 70     -40 to 85     -40 to 85     0 to 70    
40PDIP
44PLCC    
44PLCC
48TQFP    
44PLCC
48TQFP    
44PLCC    
3.55 | 1ku     4.69 | 1ku     4.94 | 1ku     4.31 | 1ku    
Catalog     Catalog     Catalog     Catalog    
1.5     5     5     1.5    
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