Shunt based Ground Fault Protection for Inverters Powered from 220Vac Supply Reference Design

(ACTIVE) TIDA-00442

Description & Features

Technical Documents

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Key Document

Description

The TIDA-00442 TI design provides a reference solution for detecting  ground fault in inverter based drives. Inverter current is measured on both DC positive and DC negative bus using shunt resistors. Current on DC positive bus is measured using INA170 which is powered by low side switched buck converter. Current on DC negative bus is sensed using precision opamp’s. The difference between the two measured currents is compared against a fixed threshold to determine the ground fault condition using high speed comparators.

Features
  • Shunt based current sensing for inverter control and protection
  • Rated to measure DC Link current of +/-20APK (Design tested for +/-5A)
  • High side current sense circuit with high common mode voltage of +450V supporting 220Vac mains powered drives
  • Calibrated high-side and low-side measurement error over operating temperature range of -10°C to 55°C < 1.5%:
  • Ground fault: (Minimum fault current detection of 300mA, Detection time of less than 50µs)
  • Designed to be interfaced with built-in 3.3V ADC of MCU

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Design Files

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Bill of Materials (BOM)

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TI Devices (6)

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Part Number Name Product Family Sample & Buy Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
INA170  60V, High-Side, Bi-Directional, High-Speed, Current Output Current Sense Amplifier  Current sense amplifiers  Not Available Not Available
LM4040  Precision Micropower Shunt Voltage Reference  Voltage references  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
OPA2376  Precision, Low Noise, Low Quiescent Current Operational Amplifier  Operational amplifiers (op amps)  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
REF2033  Low-Drift, Low-Power, Dual-Output Vref and Vref/2 Voltage Reference  Voltage references  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
TLC372  Dual General Purpose LinCMOS™ Differential Comparator  Amplifiers  Sample & Buy Not Available
UCC28880  High Voltage Switcher for Non-isolated AC/DC Conversion  Offline & isolated DC/DC controllers & converters  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules

CAD/CAE symbols

Part # Package | Pins CAD File (.bxl) STEP Model (.stp)
INA170 Download Download
LM4040 Download
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OPA2376 Download Download
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REF2033 Download -
TLC372 Download Download
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UCC28880 Download Download

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Technical Documents

View the Important Notice for TI Designs covering authorized use, intellectual property matters and disclaimers.

User guides (1)
Title Abstract Type Size (KB) Date Views TI Recommends
PDF 4967 20 Aug 2015 61
Design files (6)
Title Abstract Type Size (KB) Date Views
ZIP 375 19 Jun 2015 16
ZIP 1257 19 Jun 2015 6
PDF 1481 19 Jun 2015 9
PDF 162 19 Jun 2015 3
PDF 38 19 Jun 2015 5
PDF 477 19 Jun 2015 80
Related Tools & Software

Development Tools (1)

Name Part Number Tool Type
SPICE-Based Analog Simulation Program  TINA-TI  Circuit Design & Simulation 

Models (2)

Title Category Type Size (KB) Date Views
TIDA-00442 Simulation of Normal Operation TINA-TI Reference Design ZIP 115 KB 14 Jun 2018 2 views
TIDA-00442 Simulation of Ground Fault Detection TINA-TI Reference Design ZIP 116 KB 14 Jun 2018 3 views

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