SBAS894A April 2018 – October 2018 ADS112C04
The device provides two matched programmable excitation current sources (IDACs) for resistance temperature detector (RTD) applications. The output current of the current sources can be programmed to 10 µA, 50 µA, 100 µA, 250 µA, 500 µA, 1000 µA, or 1500 µA using the respective bits (IDAC[2:0]) in the configuration register. Each current source can be connected to any of the analog inputs (AINx) as well as to the dedicated reference inputs (REFP and REFN). Both current sources can also be connected to the same pin. Routing of the IDACs is configured by bits (I1MUX[2:0], I2MUX[2:0]) in the configuration register. Care must be taken not to exceed the compliance voltage of the IDACs. In other words, limit the voltage on the pin where the IDAC is routed to ≤ (AVDD – 0.9 V), otherwise the specified accuracy of the IDAC current is not met. For three-wire RTD applications, the matched current sources can be used to cancel errors caused by sensor lead resistance (see the 3-Wire RTD Measurement section for more details).
The IDACs require up to 200 µs to start up after the IDAC current is programmed to the respective value using the IDAC[2:0] bits. Set the IDAC current to the respective value using the IDAC[2:0] bits and then select the routing for each IDAC (I1MUX[2:0], I2MUX[2:0]) thereafter.
In single-shot conversion mode, the IDACs remain active between any two conversions if the IDAC[2:0] bits are set to a value other than 000. However, the IDACs are powered down whenever the POWERDOWN command is issued.
Keep in mind that the analog supply current increases when enabling the IDACs (that is, when the IDAC[2:0] bits are set to a value other than 000). The IDAC circuit needs this bias current to operate even when the IDACs are not routed to any pin (I1MUX[2:0] = I2MUX[2:0] = 000). In addition, the selected output current is drawn from the analog supply when I1MUX[2:0] or I2MUX[2:0] are set to a value other than 000.