SBASAD2 November   2021 ADS130B04-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Switching Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Timing Diagrams
    9. 6.9 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 7.1 Noise Measurements
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Input ESD Protection Circuitry
      2. 8.3.2 Input Multiplexer
      3. 8.3.3 Programmable Gain Amplifier (PGA)
      4. 8.3.4 Voltage Reference
      5. 8.3.5 Internal Test Signals
      6. 8.3.6 Clocking
        1. 8.3.6.1 External Clock Using CLKIN Pin
        2. 8.3.6.2 Internal Oscillator
      7. 8.3.7 ΔΣ Modulator
      8. 8.3.8 Digital Filter
        1. 8.3.8.1 Digital Filter Implementation
          1. 8.3.8.1.1 Fast-Settling Filter
          2. 8.3.8.1.2 SINC3 and SINC3 + SINC1 Filter
        2. 8.3.8.2 Digital Filter Characteristic
      9. 8.3.9 Register Map CRC
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Power-Up and Reset
        1. 8.4.1.1 Power-On Reset
        2. 8.4.1.2 SYNC/RESET Pin
        3. 8.4.1.3 RESET Command
      2. 8.4.2 Fast Start-Up Behavior
      3. 8.4.3 Conversion Modes
        1. 8.4.3.1 Continuous-Conversion Mode
        2. 8.4.3.2 Global-Chop Mode
      4. 8.4.4 Power Modes
      5. 8.4.5 Standby Mode
      6. 8.4.6 Synchronization
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Serial Interface
        1. 8.5.1.1  Chip Select (CS)
        2. 8.5.1.2  Serial Data Clock (SCLK)
        3. 8.5.1.3  Serial Data Input (DIN)
        4. 8.5.1.4  Serial Data Output (DOUT)
        5. 8.5.1.5  Data Ready (DRDY)
        6. 8.5.1.6  SPI Communication Frames
        7. 8.5.1.7  SPI Communication Words
        8. 8.5.1.8  Short SPI Frames
        9. 8.5.1.9  Communication Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
        10. 8.5.1.10 SPI Timeout
      2. 8.5.2 ADC Conversion Data Format
      3. 8.5.3 Commands
        1. 8.5.3.1 NULL (0000 0000 0000 0000)
        2. 8.5.3.2 RESET (0000 0000 0001 0001)
        3. 8.5.3.3 STANDBY (0000 0000 0010 0010)
        4. 8.5.3.4 WAKEUP (0000 0000 0011 0011)
        5. 8.5.3.5 LOCK (0000 0101 0101 0101)
        6. 8.5.3.6 UNLOCK (0000 0110 0110 0110)
        7. 8.5.3.7 RREG (101a aaaa annn nnnn)
          1. 8.5.3.7.1 Reading a Single Register
          2. 8.5.3.7.2 Reading Multiple Registers
        8. 8.5.3.8 WREG (011a aaaa annn nnnn)
      4. 8.5.4 Collecting Data for the First Time or After a Pause in Data Collection
    6. 8.6 Register Map
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Troubleshooting
      2. 9.1.2 Unused Inputs and Outputs
      3. 9.1.3 Antialias Filter
      4. 9.1.4 Minimum Interface Connections
      5. 9.1.5 Multiple Device Configuration
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 Current Shunt Measurement
        2. 9.2.2.2 Battery Pack Voltage Measurement
        3. 9.2.2.3 Shunt Temperature Measurement
        4. 9.2.2.4 Auxiliary Analog Supply Voltage Measurement
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 10.1 CAP Pin Capacitor Requirement
    2. 10.2 Power-Supply Sequencing
    3. 10.3 Power-Supply Decoupling
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Digital Filter

The ΔΣ modulator bit-stream feeds into a digital filter. The digital filter is a linear phase, finite impulse response (FIR), low-pass sinc-type filter that attenuates the out-of-band quantization noise of the ΔΣ modulator. The digital filter demodulates the output of the ΔΣ modulator by averaging. The data passing through the filter is decimated and downsampled, to reduce the rate at which data come out of the modulator (fMOD) to the output data rate (fDATA). The decimation factor, defined as per Equation 3, is called the oversampling ratio (OSR).

Equation 3. OSR = fMOD / fDATA

The OSR is configurable and is set by the OSR[2:0] bits in the CLOCK register. There are eight OSR settings in the ADS130B04-Q1, allowing eight different data rate settings for any given main clock frequency. Table 8-4 lists the OSR settings and their corresponding output data rates for the nominal MCLK frequencies mentioned.

The OSR determines the amount of averaging of the modulator output in the digital filter and therefore also the filter bandwidth. The filter bandwidth directly affects the noise performance of the ADC because lower bandwidth results in lower noise, whereas higher bandwidth results in higher noise. See Table 7-1 for the noise specifications for various OSR settings.

Table 8-4 OSR Settings and Data Rates for Nominal Main Clock Frequencies
POWER MODE NOMINAL fMCLK fMOD OSR OUTPUT DATA RATE
HR 8.192 MHz 4.096 MHz 128 32 kSPS
256 16 kSPS
512 8 kSPS
1024 4 kSPS
2048 2 kSPS
4096 1 kSPS
8192 500 SPS
16384 250 SPS
LP 4.096 MHz 2.048 MHz 128 16 kSPS
256 8 kSPS
512 4 kSPS
1024 2 kSPS
2048 1 kSPS
4096 500 SPS
8192 250 SPS
16384 125 SPS
VLP 2.048 MHz 1.024 MHz 128 8 kSPS
256 4 kSPS
512 2 kSPS
1024 1 kSPS
2048 500 SPS
4096 250 SPS
8192 125 SPS
16384 62.5 SPS