SBAS949A February   2020  – February 2021 ADS131M06

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Switching Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Timing Diagrams
    9. 6.9 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 7.1 Noise Measurements
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Input ESD Protection Circuitry
      2. 8.3.2  Input Multiplexer
      3. 8.3.3  Programmable Gain Amplifier (PGA)
      4. 8.3.4  Voltage Reference
      5. 8.3.5  Clocking and Power Modes
      6. 8.3.6  ΔΣ Modulator
      7. 8.3.7  Digital Filter
        1. 8.3.7.1 Digital Filter Implementation
          1. 8.3.7.1.1 Fast-Settling Filter
          2. 8.3.7.1.2 SINC3 and SINC3 + SINC1 Filter
        2. 8.3.7.2 Digital Filter Characteristic
      8. 8.3.8  DC Block Filter
      9. 8.3.9  Internal Test Signals
      10. 8.3.10 Channel Phase Calibration
      11. 8.3.11 Calibration Registers
      12. 8.3.12 Communication Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
      13. 8.3.13 Register Map CRC
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Power-Up and Reset
        1. 8.4.1.1 Power-On Reset
        2. 8.4.1.2 SYNC/RESET Pin
        3. 8.4.1.3 RESET Command
      2. 8.4.2 Fast Startup Behavior
      3. 8.4.3 Conversion Modes
        1. 8.4.3.1 Continuous-Conversion Mode
        2. 8.4.3.2 Global-Chop Mode
      4. 8.4.4 Power Modes
      5. 8.4.5 Standby Mode
      6. 8.4.6 Current-Detect Mode
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Interface
        1. 8.5.1.1  Chip Select (CS)
        2. 8.5.1.2  Serial Data Clock (SCLK)
        3. 8.5.1.3  Serial Data Input (DIN)
        4. 8.5.1.4  Serial Data Output (DOUT)
        5. 8.5.1.5  Data Ready (DRDY)
        6. 8.5.1.6  Conversion Synchronization or System Reset (SYNC/RESET)
        7. 8.5.1.7  SPI Communication Frames
        8. 8.5.1.8  SPI Communication Words
        9. 8.5.1.9  ADC Conversion Data
          1. 8.5.1.9.1 Collecting Data for the First Time or After a Pause in Data Collection
        10. 8.5.1.10 Commands
          1. 8.5.1.10.1 NULL (0000 0000 0000 0000)
          2. 8.5.1.10.2 RESET (0000 0000 0001 0001)
          3. 8.5.1.10.3 STANDBY (0000 0000 0010 0010)
          4. 8.5.1.10.4 WAKEUP (0000 0000 0011 0011)
          5. 8.5.1.10.5 LOCK (0000 0101 0101 0101)
          6. 8.5.1.10.6 UNLOCK (0000 0110 0110 0110)
          7. 8.5.1.10.7 RREG (101a aaaa annn nnnn)
            1. 8.5.1.10.7.1 Reading a Single Register
            2. 8.5.1.10.7.2 Reading Multiple Registers
          8. 8.5.1.10.8 WREG (011a aaaa annn nnnn)
        11. 8.5.1.11 Short SPI Frames
      2. 8.5.2 Synchronization
    6. 8.6 Registers
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Unused Inputs and Outputs
      2. 9.1.2 Antialiasing
      3. 9.1.3 Minimum Interface Connections
      4. 9.1.4 Power Metrology Applications
      5. 9.1.5 Multiple Device Configuration
      6. 9.1.6 Code Example
      7. 9.1.7 Troubleshooting
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 Voltage Measurement Front-End
        2. 9.2.2.2 Current Measurement Front-End
        3. 9.2.2.3 ADC Setup
        4. 9.2.2.4 Calibration
        5. 9.2.2.5 Formulae
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 10.1 CAP Pin Behavior
    2. 10.2 Power-Supply Sequencing
    3. 10.3 Power-Supply Decoupling
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Calibration

Certain signal chain errors can be corrected through a single room temperature calibration. The ADS131M06 has the capability to store calibration values and use the values to correct the results in real time. Among those errors that can be corrected in real time with the ADS131M06 are offset error, gain error, and phase error.

Offset calibration is performed by determining the measured output of the signal chain when the input is zero voltage for a voltage channel or zero current for a current channel. The value can be measured and recorded in external non-volatile memory for each channel. When the system is deployed, these values can be provided to the CHn_OCAL_MSB and CHn_OCAL_LSB registers for the corresponding channels. The ADS131M06 then subtracts these values from its conversion results prior to providing them to the host. Alternatively, the integrated DC block filter can be used to implement offset correction.

Similar to offset error correction, system gain error can be determined prior to deployment and can be used to correct the gain error on each channel in real time. Gain error is defined as the percentage difference in the ADC transfer function from its PGA gain corrected ideal value of 1. This error can be determined by measuring the results from both a maximum and minimum input signal, finding the difference between these results, and dividing by the difference between the ideal difference. Equation 13 describes how to calculate gain error.

Equation 13. GUID-58CE22D4-6A9A-47D9-A69D-7AC1224B371E-low.gif

To correct for gain error, divide each offset-corrected conversion result by the measured gain. The ADS131M06 multiplies each conversion result by the calibration factor stored in the CHn_GCAL_MSB and CHn_GCAL_LSB registers according to the method described in the Section 8.3.11 section. The host can program the measured inverted gain values for each channel into these registers to have them automatically corrected for each sample.

The ADS131M06 can also correct for system phase error introduced by sensors. For this design, the CT introduces some phase error into the system. This design uses a software method for phase correction, but the ADS131M06 can perform this function in real time. The system must first measure the phase relationships between the various channels. Then, define one channel as phase 0. Subsequently, the PHASEn bits in the CHn_CFG registers corresponding to the various other channels can be edited to correct their phase relationship relative to the phase 0 channels.