SBAS949A February   2020  – February 2021 ADS131M06

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Switching Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Timing Diagrams
    9. 6.9 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 7.1 Noise Measurements
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Input ESD Protection Circuitry
      2. 8.3.2  Input Multiplexer
      3. 8.3.3  Programmable Gain Amplifier (PGA)
      4. 8.3.4  Voltage Reference
      5. 8.3.5  Clocking and Power Modes
      6. 8.3.6  ΔΣ Modulator
      7. 8.3.7  Digital Filter
        1. 8.3.7.1 Digital Filter Implementation
          1. 8.3.7.1.1 Fast-Settling Filter
          2. 8.3.7.1.2 SINC3 and SINC3 + SINC1 Filter
        2. 8.3.7.2 Digital Filter Characteristic
      8. 8.3.8  DC Block Filter
      9. 8.3.9  Internal Test Signals
      10. 8.3.10 Channel Phase Calibration
      11. 8.3.11 Calibration Registers
      12. 8.3.12 Communication Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
      13. 8.3.13 Register Map CRC
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Power-Up and Reset
        1. 8.4.1.1 Power-On Reset
        2. 8.4.1.2 SYNC/RESET Pin
        3. 8.4.1.3 RESET Command
      2. 8.4.2 Fast Startup Behavior
      3. 8.4.3 Conversion Modes
        1. 8.4.3.1 Continuous-Conversion Mode
        2. 8.4.3.2 Global-Chop Mode
      4. 8.4.4 Power Modes
      5. 8.4.5 Standby Mode
      6. 8.4.6 Current-Detect Mode
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Interface
        1. 8.5.1.1  Chip Select (CS)
        2. 8.5.1.2  Serial Data Clock (SCLK)
        3. 8.5.1.3  Serial Data Input (DIN)
        4. 8.5.1.4  Serial Data Output (DOUT)
        5. 8.5.1.5  Data Ready (DRDY)
        6. 8.5.1.6  Conversion Synchronization or System Reset (SYNC/RESET)
        7. 8.5.1.7  SPI Communication Frames
        8. 8.5.1.8  SPI Communication Words
        9. 8.5.1.9  ADC Conversion Data
          1. 8.5.1.9.1 Collecting Data for the First Time or After a Pause in Data Collection
        10. 8.5.1.10 Commands
          1. 8.5.1.10.1 NULL (0000 0000 0000 0000)
          2. 8.5.1.10.2 RESET (0000 0000 0001 0001)
          3. 8.5.1.10.3 STANDBY (0000 0000 0010 0010)
          4. 8.5.1.10.4 WAKEUP (0000 0000 0011 0011)
          5. 8.5.1.10.5 LOCK (0000 0101 0101 0101)
          6. 8.5.1.10.6 UNLOCK (0000 0110 0110 0110)
          7. 8.5.1.10.7 RREG (101a aaaa annn nnnn)
            1. 8.5.1.10.7.1 Reading a Single Register
            2. 8.5.1.10.7.2 Reading Multiple Registers
          8. 8.5.1.10.8 WREG (011a aaaa annn nnnn)
        11. 8.5.1.11 Short SPI Frames
      2. 8.5.2 Synchronization
    6. 8.6 Registers
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Unused Inputs and Outputs
      2. 9.1.2 Antialiasing
      3. 9.1.3 Minimum Interface Connections
      4. 9.1.4 Power Metrology Applications
      5. 9.1.5 Multiple Device Configuration
      6. 9.1.6 Code Example
      7. 9.1.7 Troubleshooting
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 Voltage Measurement Front-End
        2. 9.2.2.2 Current Measurement Front-End
        3. 9.2.2.3 ADC Setup
        4. 9.2.2.4 Calibration
        5. 9.2.2.5 Formulae
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 10.1 CAP Pin Behavior
    2. 10.2 Power-Supply Sequencing
    3. 10.3 Power-Supply Decoupling
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Detailed Design Procedure

A current sensor connects to the current channels and a simple voltage divider is used for the corresponding voltage measurement. The CT has an associated burden resistor that must be connected at all times to protect the measuring device. The selection of the CT and the burden resistor is made based on the manufacturer and current range required for energy measurements. The voltage divider resistors for the voltage channel are selected to ensure the mains voltage is divided down to adhere to the normal input voltage ranges of the ADS131M06.

In this design, the ADS131M06 interacts with a microcontroller (MCU) in the following manner:

  • The CLKIN clock used by the ADS131M06 device is provided by the MCU
  • When new ADC samples are ready, the ADS131M06 device asserts its DRDY pin, which alerts the MCU that new samples are available
  • After being alerted of new samples, the MCU uses one of its SPI interfaces to retrieve the voltage and current samples from the ADS131M06