SLUSDV2A May   2020  ā€“ May 2021 BQ25798

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 7.7 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Device Power-On-Reset
      2. 8.3.2  PROG Pin Configuration
      3. 8.3.3  Device Power Up from Battery without Input Source
      4. 8.3.4  Device Power Up from Input Source
        1. 8.3.4.1 Power Up REGN LDO
        2. 8.3.4.2 Poor Source Qualification
        3. 8.3.4.3 ILIM_HIZ Pin
        4. 8.3.4.4 Default VINDPM Setting
        5. 8.3.4.5 Input Source Type Detection
          1. 8.3.4.5.1 D+/Dā€“ Detection Sets Input Current Limit
          2. 8.3.4.5.2 HVDCP Detection Procedure
          3. 8.3.4.5.3 Connector Fault Detection
      5. 8.3.5  Dual-Input Power Mux
        1. 8.3.5.1 ACDRV Turn On Condition
        2. 8.3.5.2 VBUS Input Only
        3. 8.3.5.3 One ACFET-RBFET
        4. 8.3.5.4 Two ACFETs-RBFETs
      6. 8.3.6  Buck-Boost Converter Operation
        1. 8.3.6.1 Force Input Current Limit Detection
        2. 8.3.6.2 Input Current Optimizer (ICO)
        3. 8.3.6.3 Maximum Power Point Tracking for Small PV Panel
        4. 8.3.6.4 Pulse Frequency Modulation (PFM)
        5. 8.3.6.5 Device HIZ State
      7. 8.3.7  USB On-The-Go (OTG)
        1. 8.3.7.1 OTG Mode to Power External Devices
        2. 8.3.7.2 Backup Power Supply Mode
        3. 8.3.7.3 Backup Mode with Dual Input Mux
      8. 8.3.8  Power Path Management
        1. 8.3.8.1 Narrow VDC Architecture
        2. 8.3.8.2 Dynamic Power Management
      9. 8.3.9  Battery Charging Management
        1. 8.3.9.1 Autonomous Charging Cycle
        2. 8.3.9.2 Battery Charging Profile
        3. 8.3.9.3 Charging Termination
        4. 8.3.9.4 Charging Safety Timer
        5. 8.3.9.5 Thermistor Qualification
          1. 8.3.9.5.1 JEITA Guideline Compliance in Charge Mode
          2. 8.3.9.5.2 Cold/Hot Temperature Window in OTG Mode
      10. 8.3.10 Integrated 16-Bit ADC for Monitoring
      11. 8.3.11 Status Outputs ( STAT, and INT)
        1. 8.3.11.1 Charging Status Indicator (STAT Pin)
        2. 8.3.11.2 Interrupt to Host ( INT)
      12. 8.3.12 Ship FET Control
        1. 8.3.12.1 Shutdown Mode
        2. 8.3.12.2 Ship Mode
        3. 8.3.12.3 System Power Reset
      13. 8.3.13 Protections
        1. 8.3.13.1 Voltage and Current Monitoring
          1. 8.3.13.1.1  VAC Over-voltage Protection (VAC_OVP)
          2. 8.3.13.1.2  VBUS Over-voltage Protection (VBUS_OVP)
          3. 8.3.13.1.3  VBUS Under-voltage Protection (POORSRC)
          4. 8.3.13.1.4  System Over-voltage Protection (VSYS_OVP)
          5. 8.3.13.1.5  System Short Protection (VSYS_SHORT)
          6. 8.3.13.1.6  Battery Over-voltage Protection (VBAT_OVP)
          7. 8.3.13.1.7  Battery Over-current Protection (IBAT_OCP)
          8. 8.3.13.1.8  Input Over-current Protection (IBUS_OCP)
          9. 8.3.13.1.9  OTG Over-voltage Protection (OTG_OVP)
          10. 8.3.13.1.10 OTG Under-voltage Protection (OTG_UVP)
        2. 8.3.13.2 Thermal Regulation and Thermal Shutdown
      14. 8.3.14 Serial Interface
        1. 8.3.14.1 Data Validity
        2. 8.3.14.2 START and STOP Conditions
        3. 8.3.14.3 Byte Format
        4. 8.3.14.4 Acknowledge (ACK) and Not Acknowledge (NACK)
        5. 8.3.14.5 Slave Address and Data Direction Bit
        6. 8.3.14.6 Single Write and Read
        7. 8.3.14.7 Multi-Write and Multi-Read
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Host Mode and Default Mode
      2. 8.4.2 Register Bit Reset
    5. 8.5 Register Map
      1. 8.5.1 I2C Registers
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 PV Panel Selection
        2. 9.2.2.2 Inductor Selection
        3. 9.2.2.3 Input (VBUS / PMID) Capacitor
        4. 9.2.2.4 Output (VSYS) Capacitor
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Input Current Optimizer (ICO)

The device provides Input Current Optimizer (ICO) to identify maximum power point in order to avoid overloading the input source. The algorithm automatically identifies maximum input current limit of an unknown power source and sets the charger IINDPM register properly, in order to prevent from entering the charger input voltage (VINDPM) regulation. This feature is disabled by default at POR (EN_ICO = 0) and only activates when EN_ICO bit is set to 1.

After DCP type input source is detected based on the procedures described in Section 8.3.4.5, the algorithm runs automatically if EN_ICO bit is set. The algorithm can also be forced to execute by setting FORCE_ICO bit regardless of input source type detected. Please note that EN_ICO = 1 is required for FORCE_ICO to work.

The actual input current limit used by the Dynamic Power Management is reported in the ICO_ILIM register whether set by ICO if enabled or IINDPM register if not. In addition, the current limit is clamped by the ILIM_HIZ pin unless EN_EXT_ILIM bit is 0 to disable the ILIM_HIZ pin function.

When V(BAT) > VMINSYS, the ICO algorithm starts with the maximum allowed input current as reported in ICO_ILIM register as 500 mA then continually increases this limit until the optimal limit is found. When VBAT < VSYSMIN, the battery voltage can be too low to supplement a large system load if the charger buck converter is limited to 500 mA and then ramped up by the ICO algorithm. Therefore, when a VBAT < VSYSMIN, the ICO algorithm starts with the maximum allowed input current as reported in ICO_ILIM register to the input current-limit register value in REG0x06 and then continually decreses this limit until the optimal limit is found.

Once the optimal input current is identified, the ICO_STAT[1:0] and ICO_FLAG bits are set. The actual input current is reported in the ICO_ILIM register and does not change unless the algorithm is triggered again by the following events :

  1. A new input source is plugged-in, or EN_HIZ bit is toggled
  2. IINDPM register is changed
  3. VINDPM register is changed
  4. FORCE_ICO bit is set to 1
  5. VBUS_OVP event

These events also reset the ICO_STAT[1:0] bits to 01