SLUSE14A December   2020  – February 2021 BQ76942

PRODMIX  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information BQ76942
    5. 7.5  Supply Current
    6. 7.6  Digital I/O
    7. 7.7  LD Pin
    8. 7.8  Precharge (PCHG) and Predischarge (PDSG) FET Drive
    9. 7.9  FUSE Pin Functionality
    10. 7.10 REG18 LDO
    11. 7.11 REG0 Pre-regulator
    12. 7.12 REG1 LDO
    13. 7.13 REG2 LDO
    14. 7.14 Voltage References
    15. 7.15 Coulomb Counter
    16. 7.16 Coulomb Counter Digital Filter (CC1)
    17. 7.17 Current Measurement Digital Filter (CC2)
    18. 7.18 Current Wake Detector
    19. 7.19 Analog-to-Digital Converter
    20. 7.20 Cell Balancing
    21. 7.21 Cell Open Wire Detector
    22. 7.22 Internal Temperature Sensor
    23. 7.23 Thermistor Measurement
    24. 7.24 Internal Oscillators
    25. 7.25 High-side NFET Drivers
    26. 7.26 Comparator-Based Protection Subsystem
    27. 7.27 Timing Requirements – I2C Interface, 100kHz Mode
    28. 7.28 Timing Requirements – I2C Interface, 400kHz Mode
    29. 7.29 Timing Requirements – HDQ Interface
    30. 7.30 Timing Requirements – SPI Interface
    31. 7.31 Interface Timing Diagrams
    32. 7.32 Typical Characteristics
  8. Device Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 BQ76942 Device Versions
    3. 8.3 Functional Block Diagram
    4. 8.4 Diagnostics
  9. Device Configuration
    1. 9.1 Commands and Subcommands
    2. 9.2 Configuration Using OTP or Registers
    3. 9.3 Device Security
    4. 9.4 Scratchpad Memory
  10. 10Measurement Subsystem
    1. 10.1  Voltage Measurement
      1. 10.1.1 Voltage Measurement Schedule
      2. 10.1.2 Usage of VC Pins for Cells Versus Interconnect
    2. 10.2  General Purpose ADCIN Functionality
    3. 10.3  Coulomb Counter and Digital Filters
    4. 10.4  Synchronized Voltage and Current Measurement
    5. 10.5  Internal Temperature Measurement
    6. 10.6  Thermistor Temperature Measurement
    7. 10.7  Factory Trim of Voltage ADC
    8. 10.8  Voltage Calibration (ADC Measurements)
    9. 10.9  Voltage Calibration (COV and CUV Protections)
    10. 10.10 Current Calibration
    11. 10.11 Temperature Calibration
  11. 11Primary and Secondary Protection Subsystems
    1. 11.1 Protections Overview
    2. 11.2 Primary Protections
    3. 11.3 Secondary Protections
    4. 11.4 High-Side NFET Drivers
    5. 11.5 Protection FETs Configuration and Control
      1. 11.5.1 FET Configuration
      2. 11.5.2 PRECHARGE and PREDISCHARGE Modes
    6. 11.6 Load Detect Functionality
  12. 12Device Hardware Features
    1. 12.1  Voltage References
    2. 12.2  ADC Multiplexer
    3. 12.3  LDOs
      1. 12.3.1 Preregulator Control
      2. 12.3.2 REG1 and REG2 LDO Controls
    4. 12.4  Standalone Versus Host Interface
    5. 12.5  Multifunction Pin Controls
    6. 12.6  RST_SHUT Pin Operation
    7. 12.7  CFETOFF, DFETOFF, BOTHOFF Pin Functionality
    8. 12.8  ALERT Pin Operation
    9. 12.9  DDSG and DCHG Pin Operation
    10. 12.10 Fuse Drive
    11. 12.11 Cell Open Wire
    12. 12.12 Low Frequency Oscillator
    13. 12.13 High Frequency Oscillator
  13. 13Device Functional Modes
    1. 13.1 Overview
    2. 13.2 NORMAL Mode
    3. 13.3 SLEEP Mode
    4. 13.4 DEEPSLEEP Mode
    5. 13.5 SHUTDOWN Mode
    6. 13.6 CONFIG_UPDATE Mode
  14. 14Serial Communications Interface
    1. 14.1 Serial Communications Overview
    2. 14.2 I2C Communications Subsystem
    3. 14.3 SPI Communications Interface
      1. 14.3.1 SPI Protocol
    4. 14.4 HDQ Communications Interface
  15. 15Cell Balancing
    1. 15.1 Cell Balancing Overview
  16. 16Application and Implementation
    1. 16.1 Application Information
    2. 16.2 Typical Applications
      1. 16.2.1 Design Requirements (Example)
      2. 16.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 16.2.3 Application Performance Plot
      4. 16.2.4 Calibration Process
      5. 16.2.5 Design Example
    3. 16.3 Random Cell Connection Support
    4. 16.4 Startup Timing
    5. 16.5 FET Driver Turn-Off
    6. 16.6 Unused Pins
  17. 17Power Supply Requirements
  18. 18Layout
    1. 18.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 18.2 Layout Example
  19. 19Device and Documentation Support
    1. 19.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 19.2 Documentation Support
      1. 19.2.1 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 19.3 Support Resources
    4. 19.4 Trademarks
    5. 19.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 19.6 Glossary
  20. 20Mechanical, Packaging, Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Overview

This device supports four functional modes to support optimized features and power dissipation, with the device able to transition between modes either autonomously or controlled by a host processor.

  • NORMAL mode: In this mode, the device performs frequent measurements of system current, cell voltages, internal and thermistor temperature, and various other voltages, operates protections as configured, and provides data and status updates.
  • SLEEP mode: In this mode, the DSG FET is enabled, the CHG FET can optionally be disabled, and the device performs measurements, calculations, and data updates in adjustable time intervals. Battery protections are still enabled. Between the measurement intervals, the device is operating in a reduced power stage to minimize total average current consumption.
  • DEEPSLEEP mode: In this mode, the CHG, PCHG, DSG, and PDSG FETs are disabled, all battery protections are disabled, and no current or voltage measurements are taken. The REG1 and REG2 LDOs can be kept powered, in order to maintain power to external circuitry, such as a host processor.
  • SHUTDOWN mode: The device is completely disabled (including the internal, REG1, and REG2 LDOs), the CHG, PCHG, DSG, and PDSG FETs are all disabled, all battery protections are disabled, and no measurements are taken. This is the lowest power state of the device, which may be used for shipment or long-term storage. All register settings are lost when in SHUTDOWN mode.

The device also includes a CONFIG_UPDATE mode, which is used for parameter updates. Transitioning between functional modes is shown below.

GUID-A470E0FC-ABEE-4AED-9CA7-B37EBD021B72-low.gifFigure 13-1 Device Functional Modes