DLPS021 September   2019 DLP470TP

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Simplified Application (LED Configuration)
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2  Storage Conditions
    3. 6.3  ESD Ratings
    4. 6.4  Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 6.5  Thermal Information
    6. 6.6  Electrical Characteristics
    7. 6.7  Capacitance at Recommended Operating Conditions
    8. 6.8  Timing Requirements
    9. 6.9  System Mounting Interface Loads
    10. 6.10 Micromirror Array Physical Characteristics
    11. 6.11 Micromirror Array Optical Characteristics
    12. 6.12 Window Characteristics
    13. 6.13 Chipset Component Usage Specification
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Power Interface
      2. 7.3.2 Timing
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
    5. 7.5 Optical Interface and System Image Quality Considerations
      1. 7.5.1 Numerical Aperture and Stray Light Control
      2. 7.5.2 Pupil Match
      3. 7.5.3 Illumination Overfill
    6. 7.6 Micromirror Array Temperature Calculation
    7. 7.7 Micromirror Landed-On/Landed-Off Duty Cycle
      1. 7.7.1 Definition of Micromirror Landed-On/Landed-Off Duty Cycle
      2. 7.7.2 Landed Duty Cycle and Useful Life of the DMD
      3. 7.7.3 Landed Duty Cycle and Operational DMD Temperature
      4. 7.7.4 Estimating the Long-Term Average Landed Duty Cycle of a Product or Application
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
    3. 8.3 Temperature Sensor Diode
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 DMD Power Supply Power-Up Procedure
    2. 9.2 DMD Power Supply Power-Down Procedure
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
      1. 10.2.1 Layers
      2. 10.2.2 Impedance Requirements
      3. 10.2.3 Trace Width, Spacing
        1. 10.2.3.1 Voltage Signals
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Device Nomenclature
      2. 11.1.2 Device Markings
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 11.4 Community Resources
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Estimating the Long-Term Average Landed Duty Cycle of a Product or Application

During a given period of time, the nominal landed duty cycle of a given pixel follows from the image content being displayed by that pixel.

For example, in the simplest case, when displaying pure-white on a given pixel for a given time period, that pixel experiences a landed duty cycle very close to 100/0 during that time period. Likewise, when displaying pureblack, the pixel experiences a landed duty cycle very close to 0/100.

Between the two extremes (ignoring for the moment color and any image processing that may be applied to an incoming image), the landed duty cycle tracks one-to-one with the gray scale value, as shown in Table 5.

Table 5. Grayscale Value and Landed Duty Cycle

GRAYSCALE VALUE NOMINAL LANDED DUTY CYCLE
0% 0/100
10% 10/90
20% 20/80
30% 30/70
40% 40/60
50% 50/50
60% 60/40
70% 70/30
80% 80/20
90% 90/10
100% 100/0

Accounting for color rendition (but still ignoring image processing) requires knowing both the color intensity (from 0% to 100%) for each constituent primary color (red, green, and/or blue) for the given pixel as well as the color cycle time for each primary color, where “color cycle time” is the total percentage of the frame time that a given primary must be displayed in order to achieve the desired white point.

Use Equation 1 to calculate the landed duty cycle of a given pixel during a given time period

Equation 1. Landed Duty Cycle = (Red_Cycle_% × Red_Scale_Value) + (Green_Cycle_% × Green_Scale_Value) + (Blue_Cycle_% × Blue_Scale_Value)

where

  • Red_Cycle_%, represents the percentage of the frame time that red is displayed to achieve the desired white point
  • Green_Cycle_% represents the percentage of the frame time that green is displayed to achieve the desired white point
  • Blue_Cycle_%, represents the percentage of the frame time that blue is displayed to achieve the desired white point

For example, assume that the red, green, and blue color cycle times are 50%, 20%, and 30% respectively (in order to achieve the desired white point), then the nominal landed duty cycle for various combinations of red, green, blue color intensities would be as shown in Table 6 and Table 7.

Table 6. Example Landed Duty Cycle for Full-Color, Color Percentage

CYCLE PERCENTAGE
RED GREEN BLUE
50% 20% 30%

Table 7. Example Landed Duty Cycle for Full-Color

SCALE VALUE NOMINAL LANDED DUTY CYCLE
RED GREEN BLUE
0% 0% 0% 0/100
100% 0% 0% 50/50
0% 100% 0% 20/80
0% 0% 100% 30/70
12% 0% 0% 6/94
0% 35% 0% 7/93
0% 0% 60% 18/82
100% 100% 0% 70/30
0% 100% 100% 50/50
100% 0% 100% 80/20
12% 35% 0% 13/87
0% 35% 60% 25/75
12% 0% 60% 24/76
100% 100% 100% 100/0

The last factor to account for in estimating the landed duty cycle is any applied image processing. Within the DLPC6421 controllers, the gamma function affects the landed duty cycle.

Gamma is a power function of the form Output_Level = A × Input_LevelGamma, where A is a scaling factor that is typically set to 1.

In the DLPC6421 controllers, gamma is applied to the incoming image data on a pixel-by-pixel basis. A typical gamma factor is 2.2, which transforms the incoming data as shown in Figure 11.

DLP470TP D002_DLPS046.gifFigure 11. Example of Gamma = 2.2

From Figure 11, if the gray scale value of a given input pixel is 40% (before gamma is applied), then gray scale value is 13% after gamma is applied. Therefore,because gamma has a direct impact displayed gray scale level of a pixel, it also has a direct impact on the landed duty cycle of a pixel.

Consideration must also be given to any image processing which occurs before the DLPC3439 controllers.