SLES242G December   2009  – December 2014 DRV8412 , DRV8432

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Simplified Application Diagram
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Package Heat Dissipation Ratings
    6. 6.6 Package Power Deratings (DRV8412)
    7. 6.7 Electrical Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Error Reporting
      2. 7.3.2 Device Protection System
        1. 7.3.2.1 Bootstrap Capacitor Undervoltage Protection
        2. 7.3.2.2 Overcurrent (OC) Protection
        3. 7.3.2.3 Overtemperature Protection
        4. 7.3.2.4 Undervoltage Protection (UVP) and Power-On Reset (POR)
      3. 7.3.3 Device Reset
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Full Bridge Mode Operation
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.1.2.1 Motor Voltage
          2. 8.2.1.2.2 Current Requirement of 12-V Power Supply
          3. 8.2.1.2.3 Voltage of Decoupling Capacitor
          4. 8.2.1.2.4 Overcurrent Threshold
          5. 8.2.1.2.5 Sense Resistor
        3. 8.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 Parallel Full Bridge Mode Operation
      3. 8.2.3 Stepper Motor Operation
      4. 8.2.4 TEC Driver
      5. 8.2.5 LED Lighting Driver
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Bulk Capacitance
    2. 9.2 Power Supplies
    3. 9.3 System Power-Up and Power-Down Sequence
      1. 9.3.1 Powering Up
      2. 9.3.2 Powering Down
    4. 9.4 System Design Recommendations
      1. 9.4.1 VREG Pin
      2. 9.4.2 VDD Pin
      3. 9.4.3 OTW Pin
      4. 9.4.4 Mode Select Pin
      5. 9.4.5 Parallel Mode Operation
      6. 9.4.6 TEC Driver Application
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 PCB Material Recommendation
      2. 10.1.2 Ground Plane
      3. 10.1.3 Decoupling Capacitor
      4. 10.1.4 AGND
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
      1. 10.2.1 Current Shunt Resistor
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
      1. 10.3.1 DRV8412 Thermal Via Design Recommendation
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Related Links
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Bootstrap Capacitor Undervoltage Protection

When the device runs at a low switching frequency (for example, less than 10 kHz with a 100-nF bootstrap capacitor), the bootstrap capacitor voltage might not be able to maintain a proper voltage level for the high-side gate driver. A bootstrap capacitor undervoltage protection circuit (BST_UVP) will prevent potential failure of the high-side MOSFET. When the voltage on the bootstrap capacitors is less than the required value for safe operation, the DRV841x2 will initiate bootstrap capacitor recharge sequences (turn off high side FET for a short period) until the bootstrap capacitors are properly charged for safe operation. This function may also be activated when PWM duty cycle is too high (for example, less than 20 ns off time at 10 kHz). Note that bootstrap capacitor might not be able to be charged if no load or extremely light load is presented at output during BST_UVP operation, so it is recommended to turn on the low side FET for at least 50 ns for each PWM cycle to avoid BST_UVP operation if possible.

For applications with lower than 10-kHz switching frequency and not to trigger BST_UVP protection, a larger bootstrap capacitor can be used (for example, 1-µF capacitor for 800-Hz operation). When using a bootstrap cap larger than 220 nF, it is recommended to add 5-Ω resistors between 12-V GVDD power supply and GVDD_X pins to limit the inrush current on the internal bootstrap circuitry.