SLES242G December   2009  – December 2014 DRV8412 , DRV8432


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Simplified Application Diagram
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Package Heat Dissipation Ratings
    6. 6.6 Package Power Deratings (DRV8412)
    7. 6.7 Electrical Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Error Reporting
      2. 7.3.2 Device Protection System
        1. Bootstrap Capacitor Undervoltage Protection
        2. Overcurrent (OC) Protection
        3. Overtemperature Protection
        4. Undervoltage Protection (UVP) and Power-On Reset (POR)
      3. 7.3.3 Device Reset
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Full Bridge Mode Operation
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. Motor Voltage
          2. Current Requirement of 12-V Power Supply
          3. Voltage of Decoupling Capacitor
          4. Overcurrent Threshold
          5. Sense Resistor
        3. Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 Parallel Full Bridge Mode Operation
      3. 8.2.3 Stepper Motor Operation
      4. 8.2.4 TEC Driver
      5. 8.2.5 LED Lighting Driver
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Bulk Capacitance
    2. 9.2 Power Supplies
    3. 9.3 System Power-Up and Power-Down Sequence
      1. 9.3.1 Powering Up
      2. 9.3.2 Powering Down
    4. 9.4 System Design Recommendations
      1. 9.4.1 VREG Pin
      2. 9.4.2 VDD Pin
      3. 9.4.3 OTW Pin
      4. 9.4.4 Mode Select Pin
      5. 9.4.5 Parallel Mode Operation
      6. 9.4.6 TEC Driver Application
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 PCB Material Recommendation
      2. 10.1.2 Ground Plane
      3. 10.1.3 Decoupling Capacitor
      4. 10.1.4 AGND
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
      1. 10.2.1 Current Shunt Resistor
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
      1. 10.3.1 DRV8412 Thermal Via Design Recommendation
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Related Links
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Power Supplies

To facilitate system design, the DRV841x2 needs only a 12-V supply in addition to H-Bridge power supply (PVDD). An internal voltage regulator provides suitable voltage levels for the digital and low-voltage analog circuitry. Additionally, the high-side gate drive requires a floating voltage supply, which is accommodated by built-in bootstrap circuitry requiring external bootstrap capacitor.

To provide symmetrical electrical characteristics, the PWM signal path, including gate drive and output stage, is designed as identical, independent half-bridges. For this reason, each half-bridge has a separate gate drive supply (GVDD_X), a bootstrap pin (BST_X), and a power-stage supply pin (PVDD_X). Furthermore, an additional pin (VDD) is provided as supply for all common circuits. Special attention should be paid to place all decoupling capacitors as close to their associated pins as possible. In general, inductance between the power supply pins and decoupling capacitors must be avoided. Furthermore, decoupling capacitors need a short ground path back to the device.

For a properly functioning bootstrap circuit, a small ceramic capacitor (an X5R or better) must be connected from each bootstrap pin (BST_X) to the power-stage output pin (OUT_X). When the power-stage output is low, the bootstrap capacitor is charged through an internal diode connected between the gate-drive power-supply pin (GVDD_X) and the bootstrap pin. When the power-stage output is high, the bootstrap capacitor potential is shifted above the output potential and thus provides a suitable voltage supply for the high-side gate driver. In an application with PWM switching frequencies in the range from 10 kHz to 500 kHz, the use of 100-nF ceramic capacitors (X5R or better), size 0603 or 0805, is recommended for the bootstrap supply. These 100-nF capacitors ensure sufficient energy storage, even during minimal PWM duty cycles, to keep the high-side power stage FET fully turned on during the remaining part of the PWM cycle. In an application running at a switching frequency lower than 10 kHz, the bootstrap capacitor might need to be increased in value.

Special attention should be paid to the power-stage power supply; this includes component selection, PCB placement, and routing. As indicated, each half-bridge has independent power-stage supply pin (PVDD_X). For optimal electrical performance, EMI compliance, and system reliability, it is important that each PVDD_X pin is decoupled with a ceramic capacitor (X5R or better) placed as close as possible to each supply pin. It is recommended to follow the PCB layout of the DRV841x2 EVM board.

The 12-V supply should be from a low-noise, low-output-impedance voltage regulator. Likewise, the 50-V power-stage supply is assumed to have low output impedance and low noise. The power-supply sequence is not critical as facilitated by the internal power-on-reset circuit. Moreover, the DRV841x2 is fully protected against erroneous power-stage turn-on due to parasitic gate charging. Thus, voltage-supply ramp rates (dv/dt) are non-critical within the specified voltage range (see Recommended Operating Conditions of this data sheet).