SLVSEA2B August   2020  – June 2021 DRV8714-Q1 , DRV8718-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1. 6.1 VQFN (RVJ) 56-Pin Package and Pin Functions
    2. 6.2 VQFN (RHA) 40-Pin Package and Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 7.7 Timing Diagrams
    8. 7.8 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 External Components
      2. 8.3.2 Device Interface Variants
        1. 8.3.2.1 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
        2. 8.3.2.2 Hardware (H/W)
      3. 8.3.3 Input PWM Control Modes
        1. 8.3.3.1 Half-Bridge Control Scheme With Input PWM Mapping
          1. 8.3.3.1.1 DRV8718-Q1 Half-Bridge Control
          2. 8.3.3.1.2 DRV8714-Q1 Half-Bridge Control
        2. 8.3.3.2 H-Bridge Control
          1. 8.3.3.2.1 DRV8714-Q1 H-Bridge Control
        3. 8.3.3.3 Split HS and LS Solenoid Control
          1. 8.3.3.3.1 DRV8714-Q1 Split HS and LS Solenoid Control
      4. 8.3.4 Smart Gate Driver
        1. 8.3.4.1 Functional Block Diagram
        2. 8.3.4.2 Slew Rate Control (IDRIVE)
        3. 8.3.4.3 Gate Drive State Machine (TDRIVE)
        4. 8.3.4.4 Propagation Delay Reduction (PDR)
          1. 8.3.4.4.1 PDR Pre-Charge/Pre-Discharge Control Loop Operation Details
            1. 8.3.4.4.1.1 PDR Pre-Charge/Pre-Discharge Setup
          2. 8.3.4.4.2 PDR Post-Charge/Post-Discharge Control Loop Operation Details
            1. 8.3.4.4.2.1 PDR Post-Charge/Post-Discharge Setup
          3. 8.3.4.4.3 Detecting Drive and Freewheel MOSFET
        5. 8.3.4.5 Automatic Duty Cycle Compensation (DCC)
        6. 8.3.4.6 Closed Loop Slew Time Control (STC)
          1. 8.3.4.6.1 STC Control Loop Setup
      5. 8.3.5 Tripler (Dual-Stage) Charge Pump
      6. 8.3.6 Wide Common-Mode Current Shunt Amplifiers
      7. 8.3.7 Pin Diagrams
        1. 8.3.7.1 Logic Level Input Pin (INx/ENx, INx/PHx, nSLEEP, nSCS, SCLK, SDI)
        2. 8.3.7.2 Logic Level Push Pull Output (SDO)
        3. 8.3.7.3 Logic Level Multi-Function Pin (DRVOFF/nFLT)
        4. 8.3.7.4 Quad-Level Input (GAIN, MODE)
        5. 8.3.7.5 Six-Level Input (IDRIVE, VDS)
      8. 8.3.8 Protection and Diagnostics
        1. 8.3.8.1  Gate Driver Disable (DRVOFF/nFLT and EN_DRV)
        2. 8.3.8.2  Low IQ Powered Off Braking (POB, BRAKE)
        3. 8.3.8.3  Fault Reset (CLR_FLT)
        4. 8.3.8.4  DVDD Logic Supply Power on Reset (DVDD_POR)
        5. 8.3.8.5  PVDD Supply Undervoltage Monitor (PVDD_UV)
        6. 8.3.8.6  PVDD Supply Overvoltage Monitor (PVDD_OV)
        7. 8.3.8.7  VCP Charge Pump Undervoltage Lockout (VCP_UV)
        8. 8.3.8.8  MOSFET VDS Overcurrent Protection (VDS_OCP)
        9. 8.3.8.9  Gate Driver Fault (VGS_GDF)
        10. 8.3.8.10 Thermal Warning (OTW)
        11. 8.3.8.11 Thermal Shutdown (OTSD)
        12. 8.3.8.12 Offline Short Circuit and Open Load Detection (OOL and OSC)
        13. 8.3.8.13 Watchdog Timer
        14. 8.3.8.14 Fault Detection and Response Summary Table
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Inactive or Sleep State
      2. 8.4.2 Standby State
      3. 8.4.3 Operating State
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 SPI Interface
      2. 8.5.2 SPI Format
      3. 8.5.3 SPI Interface for Multiple Slaves
        1. 8.5.3.1 SPI Interface for Multiple Slaves in Daisy Chain
    6. 8.6 Register Maps
      1. 8.6.1 DRV8718-Q1 Register Map
      2. 8.6.2 DRV8714-Q1 Register Map
      3. 8.6.3 DRV8718-Q1 Register Descriptions
        1. 8.6.3.1 DRV8718-Q1_STATUS Registers
        2. 8.6.3.2 DRV8718-Q1_CONTROL Registers
        3. 8.6.3.3 DRV8718-Q1_CONTROL_ADV Registers
        4. 8.6.3.4 DRV8718-Q1_STATUS_ADV Registers
      4. 8.6.4 DRV8714-Q1 Register Descriptions
        1. 8.6.4.1 DRV8714-Q1_STATUS Registers
        2. 8.6.4.2 DRV8714-Q1_CONTROL Registers
        3. 8.6.4.3 DRV8714-Q1_CONTROL_ADV Registers
        4. 8.6.4.4 DRV8714-Q1_STATUS_ADV Registers
  9. Application Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 Gate Driver Configuration
          1. 9.2.2.1.1 VCP Load Calculation Example
          2. 9.2.2.1.2 IDRIVE Calculation Example
          3. 9.2.2.1.3 tDRIVE Calculation Example
          4. 9.2.2.1.4 Maximum PWM Switching Frequency
        2. 9.2.2.2 Current Shunt Amplifier Configuration
        3. 9.2.2.3 Power Dissipation
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
    3. 9.3 Initialization
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 10.1 Bulk Capacitance Sizing
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device Documentation and Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documents
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

MOSFET VDS Overcurrent Protection (VDS_OCP)

If the voltage across the VDS overcurrent comparator exceeds the VDS_LVL for longer than the tDS_DG time, the DRV871x-Q1 detects a VDS overcurrent condition. The voltage threshold and deglitch time can be adjusted through the VDS_LVL and VDS_DG register settings. Additionally, in independent half-bridge and DRV8714-Q1 split HS/LS PWM control (BRG_MODE = 00b, 11b) the device can be configured to disable all half-bridges or only the associated half-bridge in which the fault occurred through the VDS_IND register setting. In the DRV8714-Q1 PH/EN and PWM H-bridge control modes (BRG_MODE = 01b, 10b), the VDS_IND register setting can be used to disable all H-bridges or only the associated H-bridge in which the fault occurred.

On SPI device variants, the VDS overcurrent monitor can respond and recover in four different modes set through the VDS_MODE register setting.

  • Latched Fault Mode: After detecting the overcurrent event, the gate driver pull downs are enabled and nFAULT pin, FAULT register bit, and associated VDS register bit asserted. After the overcurrent event is removed, the fault state remains latched until CLR_FLT is issued.
  • Cycle by Cycle Mode: After detecting the overcurrent event, the gate driver pull downs are enabled and nFAULT pin, FAULT register bit, and associated VDS register bit asserted. The next PWM input will clear the nFAULT pin and FAULT register bit and reenable the driver automatically. The associated VDS register bit will remain asserted until CLR_FLT is issued.
  • Warning Report Only Mode: The overcurrent event is reported in the WARN and associated VDS register bits. The device will not take any action. The warning remains latched until CLR_FLT is issued.
  • Disabled Mode: The VDS overcurrent monitors are disabled and will not respond or report.

On H/W device variants, the VDS overcurrent mode is fixed to cycle by cycle and tVDS_DG is fixed to 4 µs. Independent half-bridge shutdown is automatically enabled for the independent half-bridge and split HS/LS PWM control modes. Independent H-bridge shutdown is automatically enabled for the H-bridge PWM control modes. Additionally, the VDS overcurrent protection can be disabled through level 6 of the VDS pin multi-level input.

When a VDS overcurrent fault occurs, the gate pull down current can be configured in order to increase or decrease the time to disable the external MOSFET. This can help to avoid a slow-turn off during high-current short circuit conditions. This setting is configure through the VDS_IDRVN register setting on SPI devices. On hardware devices, this setting is automatically matched to the programmed IDRVN current.