SLVSAW5C July 2011 – November 2015 DRV8803
The bulk capacitor should be placed to minimize the distance of the high-current path through the motor driver device. The connecting metal trace widths should be as wide as possible, and numerous vias should be used when connecting PCB layers. These practices minimize inductance and allow the bulk capacitor to deliver high current.
Small-value capacitors should be ceramic, and placed closely to device pins.
The high-current device outputs should use wide metal traces.
The device thermal pad should be soldered to the PCB top-layer ground plane. Multiple vias should be used to connect to a large bottom-layer ground plane. The use of large metal planes and multiple vias help dissipate the I2 × RDS(on) heat that is generated in the device.
The DRV8803 device has thermal shutdown (TSD) as described above. If the die temperature exceeds approximately 150°C, the device will be disabled until the temperature drops to a safe level.
Any tendency of the device to enter TSD is an indication of either excessive power dissipation, insufficient heatsinking, or too high an ambient temperature.
Power dissipation in the DRV8803 device is dominated by the power dissipated in the output FET resistance, or RDS(on). Average power dissipation of each FET when running a static load can be roughly estimated by Equation 2:
At start-up and fault conditions, this current is much higher than normal running current; consider these peak currents and their duration. When driving more than one load simultaneously, the power in all active output stages must be summed.
The maximum amount of power that can be dissipated in the device is dependent on ambient temperature and heatsinking.
Note that RDS(on) increases with temperature, so as the device heats, the power dissipation increases. This must be taken into consideration when sizing the heatsink.
The DRV8803DW package uses a standard SOIC outline, but has the center pins internally fused to the die pad to more efficiently remove heat from the device. The two center leads on each side of the package should be connected together to as large a copper area on the PCB as is possible to remove heat from the device. If the copper area is on the opposite side of the PCB from the device, thermal vias are used to transfer the heat between top and bottom layers.
In general, the more copper area that can be provided, the more power can be dissipated.
The DRV8803PWP package uses an HTSSOP package with an exposed PowerPAD™. The PowerPAD package uses an exposed pad to remove heat from the device. For proper operation, this pad must be thermally connected to copper on the PCB to dissipate heat. On a multi-layer PCB with a ground plane, this can be accomplished by adding a number of vias to connect the thermal pad to the ground plane. On PCBs without internal planes, copper area can be added on either side of the PCB to dissipate heat. If the copper area is on the opposite side of the PCB from the device, thermal vias are used to transfer the heat between top and bottom layers.