Power dissipation in the DRV883x family of devices is dominated by the power dissipated in the output FET resistance, or rDS(on). Use Equation 1 to estimate the average power dissipation when running a stepper motor.
The maximum amount of power that can be dissipated in the device is dependent on ambient temperature and heatsinking.
The value of rDS(on) increases with temperature, so as the device heats, the power dissipation increases.
The DRV883x family of devices has thermal shutdown protection. If the die temperature exceeds approximately 150°C, the device is disabled until the temperature drops to a safe level.
Any tendency of the device to enter thermal shutdown is an indication of either excessive power dissipation, insufficient heatsinking, or too high an ambient temperature.