SNLS454A November 2014 – March 2019 DS90UB947-Q1
The BIST mode is enabled at the deserializer by pin (BISTEN) or BIST configuration register. The test may select either an external OpenLDI clock or the internal Oscillator clock (OSC) frequency. In the absence of OpenLDI clock, the user can select the internal OSC frequency at the deserializer through the BISTC pin or BIST configuration register.
When BIST is activated at the deserializer, a BIST enable signal is sent to the serializer through the Back Channel. The serializer outputs a test pattern and drives the link at speed. The deserializer detects the test pattern and monitors it for errors. The deserializer PASS output pin toggles to flag each frame received containing one or more errors. The serializer also tracks errors indicated by the CRC fields in each back channel frame.
The BIST status can be monitored real time on the deserializer PASS pin, with each detected error resulting in a half pixel clock period toggled LOW. After BIST is deactivated, the result of the last test is held on the PASS output until reset (new BIST test or Power Down). A high on PASS indicates NO ERRORS were detected. A Low on PASS indicates one or more errors were detected. The duration of the test is controlled by the pulse width applied to the deserializer BISTEN pin. LOCK is valid throughout the entire duration of BIST.
See Figure 28 for the BIST mode flow diagram.
Step 1: The Serializer is paired with another FPD-Link III Deserializer, BIST Mode is enabled via the BISTEN pin or through register on the Deserializer. Right after BIST is enabled, part of the BIST sequence requires bit 0x04 be toggled locally on the Serializer (set 0x04=1, then set 0x04=0). The desired clock source is selected through the deserializer BISTC pin, or through register on the Deserializer.
Step 2: An all-zeros pattern is balanced, scrambled, randomized, and sent through the FPD-Link III interface to the deserializer. Once the serializer and the deserializer are in BIST mode and the deserializer acquires Lock, the PASS pin of the deserializer goes high and BIST starts checking the data stream. If an error in the payload (1 to 35) is detected, the PASS pin will switch low for one half of the clock period. During the BIST test, the PASS output can be monitored and counted to determine the payload error rate.
Step 3: To Stop the BIST mode, the deserializer BISTEN pin is set Low. The deserializer stops checking the data. The final test result is held on the PASS pin. If the test ran error free, the PASS output will remain HIGH. If there one or more errors were detected, the PASS output will output constant LOW. The PASS output state is held until a new BIST is run, the device is RESET, or the device is powered down. The BIST duration is user controlled by the duration of the BISTEN signal.
Step 4: The link returns to normal operation after the deserializer BISTEN pin is low. Figure 29 shows the waveform diagram of a typical BIST test for two cases. Case 1 is error free, and Case 2 shows one with multiple errors. In most cases it is difficult to generate errors due to the robustness of the link (differential data transmission etc.), thus they may be introduced by greatly extending the cable length, faulting the interconnect medium, or reducing signal condition enhancements (Rx Equalization).