SBOS386A May   2019  – May 2020 INA186-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Typical Application
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1. Table 1. Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1      Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. Table 2. ESD Ratings
    3. 6.2      Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. Table 3. Thermal Information
    5. 6.3      Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.4      Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Precision Current Measurement
      2. 7.3.2 Low Input Bias Current
      3. 7.3.3 Low Quiescent Current With Output Enable
      4. 7.3.4 Bidirectional Current Monitoring
      5. 7.3.5 High-Side and Low-Side Current Sensing
      6. 7.3.6 High Common-Mode Rejection
      7. 7.3.7 Rail-to-Rail Output Swing
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Normal Operation
      2. 7.4.2 Unidirectional Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Bidirectional Mode
      4. 7.4.4 Input Differential Overload
      5. 7.4.5 Shutdown
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Basic Connections
      2. 8.1.2 RSENSE and Device Gain Selection
      3. 8.1.3 Signal Conditioning
      4. 8.1.4 Common-Mode Voltage Transients
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curve
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Examples
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

RSENSE and Device Gain Selection

The accuracy of any current-sense amplifier is maximized by choosing the current-sense resistor to be as large as possible. A large sense resistor maximizes the differential input signal for a given amount of current flow and reduces the error contribution of the offset voltage. However, there are practical limits as to how large the current-sense resistor can be in a given application because of the resistor size and maximum allowable power dissipation. Equation 2 gives the maximum value for the current-sense resistor for a given power dissipation budget:

Equation 2. INA186-Q1 Rsense_PDmax_bos793.gif

where

  • PDMAX is the maximum allowable power dissipation in RSENSE.
  • IMAX is the maximum current that will flow through RSENSE.

An additional limitation on the size of the current-sense resistor and device gain is due to the power-supply voltage, VS, and device swing-to-rail limitations. In order to make sure that the current-sense signal is properly passed to the output, both positive and negative output swing limitations must be examined. Equation 3 provides the maximum values of RSENSE and GAIN to keep the device from exceeding the positive swing limitation.

Equation 3. INA186-Q1 Rsense_SP_bos793.gif

where

  • IMAX is the maximum current that will flow through RSENSE.
  • GAIN is the gain of the current-sense amplifier.
  • VSP is the positive output swing as specified in the data sheet.
  • VREF is the externally applied voltage on the REF pin.

To avoid positive output swing limitations when selecting the value of RSENSE, there is always a trade-off between the value of the sense resistor and the gain of the device under consideration. If the sense resistor selected for the maximum power dissipation is too large, then it is possible to select a lower-gain device in order to avoid positive swing limitations.

The negative swing limitation places a limit on how small the sense resistor value can be for a given application. Equation 4 provides the limit on the minimum value of the sense resistor.

Equation 4. INA186-Q1 Rsense_SN_bos793.gif

where

  • IMIN is the minimum current that will flow through RSENSE.
  • GAIN is the gain of the current-sense amplifier.
  • VSN is the negative output swing of the device (see the Rail-to-Rail Output Swing section).
  • VREF is the externally applied voltage on the REF pin.

In addition to adjusting RSENSE and the device gain, the voltage applied to the REF pin can be slightly increased above GND to avoid negative swing limitations.