SBOS318B April   2019  – July 2021 INA186

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Precision Current Measurement
      2. 7.3.2 Low Input Bias Current
      3. 7.3.3 Low Quiescent Current With Output Enable
      4. 7.3.4 Bidirectional Current Monitoring
      5. 7.3.5 High-Side and Low-Side Current Sensing
      6. 7.3.6 High Common-Mode Rejection
      7. 7.3.7 Rail-to-Rail Output Swing
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Normal Operation
      2. 7.4.2 Unidirectional Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Bidirectional Mode
      4. 7.4.4 Input Differential Overload
      5. 7.4.5 Shutdown
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Basic Connections
      2. 8.1.2 RSENSE and Device Gain Selection
      3. 8.1.3 Signal Conditioning
      4. 8.1.4 Common-Mode Voltage Transients
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curve
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Examples
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Signal Conditioning

When performing accurate current measurements in noisy environments, the current-sensing signal is often filtered. The INA186 features low input bias currents. Therefore, adding a differential mode filter to the input without sacrificing the current-sense accuracy is possible. Filtering at the input is advantageous because this action attenuates differential noise before the signal is amplified. Figure 8-2 provides an example of how to use a filter on the input pins of the device.

GUID-50AD45AF-563B-411B-908D-862AAC467C01-low.gifFigure 8-2 Filter at the Input Pins

Figure 8-2 shows the differential input impedance (RDIFF) limits the maximum value for RF. Figure 8-3 shows the value of RDIFF is a function of the device temperature.

GUID-763C406E-7C16-4C46-B6CF-1FCBADD81B23-low.gifFigure 8-3 Differential Input Impedance vs. Temperature

As the voltage drop across the sense resistor (VSENSE) increases, the amount of voltage dropped across the input filter resistors (RF) also increases. The increased voltage drop results in additional gain error. The error caused by these resistors is calculated by the resistor divider equation shown in Equation 5.

Equation 5. GUID-1CBF2482-9A52-4156-9099-F2585BF920E0-low.gif

where:

  • RDIFF is the differential input impedance.
  • RF is the added value of the series filter resistance.

The input stage of the INA186 uses a capacitive feedback amplifier topology in order to achieve high dc precision. As a result, periodic high-frequency shunt voltage (or current) transients of significant amplitude (10 mV or greater) and duration (hundreds of nanoseconds or greater) may be amplified by the INA186, even though the transients are greater than the device bandwidth. Use a differential input filter in these applications to minimize disturbances at the INA186 output.

The high input impedance and low bias current of the INA186 provide flexibility in the input filter design without impacting the accuracy of current measurement. For example, set RF = 100 Ω and CF = 22 nF to achieve a low-pass filter corner frequency of 36.2 kHz. These filter values significantly attenuate most unwanted high-frequency signals at the input without severely impacting the current sensing bandwidth or precision. If a lower corner frequency is desired, increase the value of CF.

Filtering the input filters out differential noise across the sense resistor. If high-frequency, common-mode noise is a concern, add an RC filter from the OUT pin to ground. The RC filter helps filter out both differential and common mode noise, as well as internally generated noise from the device. The value for the resistance of the RC filter is limited by the impedance of the load. Any current drawn by the load manifests as an external voltage drop from the INA186 OUT pin to the load input. To select the optimal values for the output filter, use Figure 6-24 and see the Closed-Loop Analysis of Load-Induced Amplifier Stability Issues Using ZOUT application report