SNVSB28 December 2017 LM25575-Q1
The LM25575-Q1 integrates an N-Channel buck switch and associated floating high voltage level shift / gate driver. This gate driver circuit works in conjunction with an internal diode and an external bootstrap capacitor. A 0.022 µF ceramic capacitor, connected with short traces between the BST pin and SW pin, is recommended. During the off-time of the buck switch, the SW pin voltage is approximately –0.5 V and the bootstrap capacitor is charged from VCC through the internal bootstrap diode. When operating with a high PWM duty cycle, the buck switch will be forced off each cycle for 500 ns to ensure that the bootstrap capacitor is recharged.
Under very light load conditions or when the output voltage is pre-charged, the SW voltage will not remain low during the off-time of the buck switch. If the inductor current falls to zero and the SW pin rises, the bootstrap capacitor will not receive sufficient voltage to operate the buck switch gate driver. For these applications, the PRE pin can be connected to the SW pin to pre-charge the bootstrap capacitor. The internal pre-charge MOSFET and diode connected between the PRE pin and PGND turns on each cycle for 250 ns just prior to the onset of a new switching cycle. If the SW pin is at a normal negative voltage level (continuous conduction mode), then no current will flow through the pre-charge MOSFET/diode.