SNVSB28 December 2017 LM25575-Q1
The LM25575-Q1 contains a dual-mode internal high voltage startup regulator that provides the VCC bias supply for the PWM controller and boot-strap MOSFET gate driver. The input pin (VIN) can be connected directly to the input voltage, as high as 42 Volts. For input voltages below 9 V, a low dropout switch connects VCC directly to VIN. In this supply range, VCC is approximately equal to VIN. For VIN voltage greater than 9 V, the low dropout switch is disabled and the VCC regulator is enabled to maintain VCC at approximately 7 V. The wide operating range of 6 V to 42 V is achieved through the use of this dual mode regulator.
The output of the VCC regulator is current limited to 25 mA. Upon power up, the regulator sources current into the capacitor connected to the VCC pin. When the voltage at the VCC pin exceeds the VCC UVLO threshold of 5.35 V and the SD pin is greater than 1.225 V, the output switch is enabled and a soft-start sequence begins. The output switch remains enabled until VCC falls below 5 V or the SD pin falls below 1.125 V.
An auxiliary supply voltage can be applied to the VCC pin to reduce the IC power dissipation. If the auxiliary voltage is greater than 7.3 V, the internal regulator will essentially shut off, reducing the IC power dissipation. The VCC regulator series pass transistor includes a diode between VCC and VIN that should not be forward biased in normal operation. Therefore the auxiliary VCC voltage should never exceed the VIN voltage.
In high voltage applications extra care should be taken to ensure the VIN pin does not exceed the absolute maximum voltage rating of 45 V. During line or load transients, voltage ringing on the VIN line that exceeds the Absolute Maximum Ratings can damage the IC. Both careful PC board layout and the use of quality bypass capacitors located close to the VIN and GND pins are essential.