SNVS124F November   1999  – April 2021 LM2596

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics – 3.3-V Version
    6. 7.6  Electrical Characteristics – 5-V Version
    7. 7.7  Electrical Characteristics – 12-V Version
    8. 7.8  Electrical Characteristics – Adjustable Voltage Version
    9. 7.9  Electrical Characteristics – All Output Voltage Versions
    10. 7.10 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Delayed Start-Up
      2. 8.3.2 Undervoltage Lockout
      3. 8.3.3 Inverting Regulator
      4. 8.3.4 Inverting Regulator Shutdown Methods
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Discontinuous Mode Operation
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Input Capacitor (CIN)
      2. 9.1.2 Feedforward Capacitor (CFF)
      3. 9.1.3 Output Capacitor (COUT)
      4. 9.1.4 Catch Diode
      5. 9.1.5 Inductor Selection
      6. 9.1.6 Output Voltage Ripple and Transients
      7. 9.1.7 Open-Core Inductors
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 LM2596 Fixed Output Series Buck Regulator
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1 Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
          2. 9.2.1.2.2 Inductor Selection (L1)
          3. 9.2.1.2.3 Output Capacitor Selection (COUT)
          4. 9.2.1.2.4 Catch Diode Selection (D1)
          5. 9.2.1.2.5 Input Capacitor (CIN)
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 LM2596 Adjustable Output Series Buck Regulator
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.2.2.1 Programming Output Voltage
          2. 9.2.2.2.2 Inductor Selection (L1)
          3. 9.2.2.2.3 Output Capacitor Selection (COUT)
          4. 9.2.2.2.4 Feedforward Capacitor (CFF)
          5. 9.2.2.2.5 Catch Diode Selection (D1)
          6. 9.2.2.2.6 Input Capacitor (CIN)
        3. 9.2.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Examples
    3. 11.3 Thermal Considerations
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 12.1.2 Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Refer to the PDF data sheet for device specific package drawings

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • NDH|5
  • NEB|5
  • KTT|5
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information
Output Capacitor Selection (COUT)
  1. In the majority of applications, low ESR electrolytic or solid tantalum capacitors between 82 μF and 820 μF provide the best results. This capacitor must be placed close to the IC using short capacitor leads and short copper traces. Do not use capacitors larger than 820 μF.
    Note:

    For additional information, see section on output capacitors in Section 9.1.3 section.

  2. To simplify the capacitor selection procedure, see Table 9-6 for a quick design guide. This table contains different output voltages, and lists various output capacitors that will provide the best design solutions.

    From Table 9-6, locate the output voltage column. From that column, locate the output voltage closest to the output voltage in your application. In this example, select the 24-V line. Under the Section 9.1.3 section, select a capacitor from the list of through-hole electrolytic or surface-mount tantalum types from four different capacitor manufacturers. TI recommends that both the manufacturers and the manufacturers' series that are listed in Table 9-6 be used.

    In this example, through hole aluminum electrolytic capacitors from several different manufacturers are available.

    • 220-μF, 35-V Panasonic HFQ Series
    • 150-μF, 35-V Nichicon PL Series

  3. The capacitor voltage rating must be at least 1.5 times greater than the output voltage, and often much higher voltage ratings are required to satisfy the low ESR requirements required for low output ripple voltage.

    For a 20-V output, a capacitor rating of at least 30 V is required. In this example, either a 35-V or 50-V capacitor would work. A 35-V rating was chosen, although a 50-V rating could also be used if a lower output ripple voltage is required.

    Other manufacturers or other types of capacitors may also be used, provided the capacitor specifications (especially the 100-kHz ESR) closely match the types listed in Table 9-6. Refer to the capacitor manufacturers data sheet for this information.