SNVS124F November   1999  – April 2021 LM2596


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics – 3.3-V Version
    6. 7.6  Electrical Characteristics – 5-V Version
    7. 7.7  Electrical Characteristics – 12-V Version
    8. 7.8  Electrical Characteristics – Adjustable Voltage Version
    9. 7.9  Electrical Characteristics – All Output Voltage Versions
    10. 7.10 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Delayed Start-Up
      2. 8.3.2 Undervoltage Lockout
      3. 8.3.3 Inverting Regulator
      4. 8.3.4 Inverting Regulator Shutdown Methods
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Discontinuous Mode Operation
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Input Capacitor (CIN)
      2. 9.1.2 Feedforward Capacitor (CFF)
      3. 9.1.3 Output Capacitor (COUT)
      4. 9.1.4 Catch Diode
      5. 9.1.5 Inductor Selection
      6. 9.1.6 Output Voltage Ripple and Transients
      7. 9.1.7 Open-Core Inductors
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 LM2596 Fixed Output Series Buck Regulator
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
          2. Inductor Selection (L1)
          3. Output Capacitor Selection (COUT)
          4. Catch Diode Selection (D1)
          5. Input Capacitor (CIN)
        3. Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 LM2596 Adjustable Output Series Buck Regulator
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. Programming Output Voltage
          2. Inductor Selection (L1)
          3. Output Capacitor Selection (COUT)
          4. Feedforward Capacitor (CFF)
          5. Catch Diode Selection (D1)
          6. Input Capacitor (CIN)
        3. Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Examples
    3. 11.3 Thermal Considerations
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 12.1.2 Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Refer to the PDF data sheet for device specific package drawings

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • NDH|5
  • NEB|5
  • KTT|5
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Output Capacitor (COUT)

An output capacitor is required to filter the output and provide regulator loop stability. Low impedance or low-ESR electrolytic or solid tantalum capacitors designed for switching regulator applications must be used. When selecting an output capacitor, the important capacitor parameters are the 100-kHz ESR, the RMS ripple current rating, voltage rating, and capacitance value. For the output capacitor, the ESR value is the most important parameter.

The output capacitor requires an ESR value that has an upper and lower limit. For low output ripple voltage, a low ESR value is required. This value is determined by the maximum allowable output ripple voltage, typically 1% to 2% of the output voltage. But if the selected capacitor's ESR is extremely low, there is a possibility of an unstable feedback loop, resulting in an oscillation at the output. Using the capacitors listed in the tables, or similar types, will provide design solutions under all conditions.

If very low output ripple voltage (less than 15 mV) is required, see Section 9.1.6 for a post ripple filter.

An ESR value of the aluminum electrolytic capacitor is related to the capacitance value and its voltage rating. In most cases, higher voltage electrolytic capacitors have lower ESR values (see Figure 9-2). Often, capacitors with much higher voltage ratings may be required to provide the low ESR values required for low output ripple voltage.

The output capacitor for many different switcher designs often can be satisfied with only three or four different capacitor values and several different voltage ratings. See Table 9-3 and Table 9-4 for typical capacitor values, voltage ratings, and manufacturers capacitor types.

Electrolytic capacitors are not recommended for temperatures below −25°C. The ESR rises dramatically at cold temperatures and is typically three times as large at −25°C and as much as 10 times as large at −40°C. See Figure 9-3.

Solid tantalum capacitors have a much better ESR specifications for cold temperatures and are recommended for temperatures below −25°C.

GUID-390AECC6-0523-4F37-8720-7F2AA7B06E11-low.pngFigure 9-2 Capacitor ESR versus Capacitor Voltage Rating (Typical Low-ESR Electrolytic Capacitor)