SNVS124E November 1999 – February 2020 LM2596
The circuit in Figure 14 uses the ON/OFF pin to provide a time delay between the time the input voltage is applied and the time the output voltage comes up (only the circuitry pertaining to the delayed start-up is shown). As the input voltage rises, the charging of capacitor C1 pulls the ON/OFF pin high, keeping the regulator OFF. Once the input voltage reaches its final value and the capacitor stops charging, resistor R2 pulls the ON/OFF pin low, thus allowing the circuit to start switching. Resistor R1 is included to limit the maximum voltage applied to the ON/OFF pin (maximum of 25 V), reduces power supply noise sensitivity, and also limits the capacitor C1 discharge current. When high input ripple voltage exists, avoid long delay time, because this ripple can be coupled into the ON/OFF pin and cause problems.
This delayed start-up feature is useful in situations where the input power source is limited in the amount of current it can deliver. It allows the input voltage to rise to a higher voltage before the regulator starts operating. Buck regulators require less input current at higher input voltages.