SNVS787I January 2012 – August 2021 LM5018
The transformer turns ratio is selected based on the ratio of the primary output voltage to the secondary (isolated) output voltage. In this design example, the two outputs are nearly equal and a 1:1 turns ratio transformer is selected. Therefore, N2 / N1 = 1. If the secondary (isolated) output voltage is significantly higher or lower than the primary output voltage, a turns ratio less than or greater than 1 is recommended. The primary output voltage is normally selected based on the input voltage range such that the duty cycle of the converter does not exceed 50% at the minimum input voltage. This condition is satisfied if VOUT1 < VIN_MIN / 2.