To further protect the converter during prolonged current limit conditions, the LM51561H-Q1 device option provides a hiccup mode overload protection. The internal hiccup mode fault timer of the device counts the PWM clock cycles when the cycle-by-cycle current limiting occurs after soft-start is finished. When the hiccup mode fault timer detects 64 cycles of current limiting, an internal hiccup mode off timer forces the device to stop switching and pulls down SS. Then, the device will restart after 32,768 cycles of hiccup mode off-time. The 64 cycle hiccup mode fault timer is reset if eight consecutive switching cycles occur without exceeding the current limit threshold. The soft-start time must be long enough not to trigger the hiccup mode protection after the soft-start is finished.
To avoid an unexpected hiccup mode operation during a harsh load transient condition, it is recommended to have more margin when programming the peak-current limit.