SNVSBK8A October   2020  – March 2021 LM5157-Q1 , LM51571-Q1

PRODMIX  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Device Comparison Table
  7. Pin Configuration and Functions
  8. Specifications
    1. 8.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 8.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 8.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 8.4 Thermal Information
    5. 8.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 8.6 Typical Characteristics
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
      1. 9.3.1  Line Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO/SYNC/EN Pin)
      2. 9.3.2  High Voltage VCC Regulator (BIAS, VCC Pin)
      3. 9.3.3  Soft Start (SS Pin)
      4. 9.3.4  Switching Frequency (RT Pin)
      5. 9.3.5  Dual Random Spread Spectrum - DRSS (MODE Pin)
      6. 9.3.6  Clock Synchronization (UVLO/SYNC/EN Pin)
      7. 9.3.7  Current Sense and Slope Compensation
      8. 9.3.8  Current Limit and Minimum On Time
      9. 9.3.9  Feedback and Error Amplifier (FB, COMP Pin)
      10. 9.3.10 Power-Good Indicator (PGOOD Pin)
      11. 9.3.11 Hiccup Mode Overload Protection (MODE Pin)
      12. 9.3.12 Maximum Duty Cycle Limit and Minimum Input Supply Voltage
      13. 9.3.13 Internal MOSFET (SW Pin)
      14. 9.3.14 Overvoltage Protection (OVP)
      15. 9.3.15 Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 9.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 9.4.3 Run Mode
        1. 9.4.3.1 Spread Spectrum Enabled
        2. 9.4.3.2 Hiccup Mode Protection Enabled
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
    2. 10.2 Typical Application
      1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 10.2.2.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
        2. 10.2.2.2 Recommended Components
        3. 10.2.2.3 Inductor Selection (LM)
        4. 10.2.2.4 Output Capacitor (COUT)
        5. 10.2.2.5 Input Capacitor
        6. 10.2.2.6 Diode Selection
      3. 10.2.3 Application Curve
    3. 10.3 System Examples
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 12.2 Layout Examples
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 Device Support
      1. 13.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 13.1.2 Development Support
        1. 13.1.2.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
      3. 13.1.3 Export Control Notice
    2. 13.2 Documentation Support
      1. 13.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 13.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 13.4 Support Resources
    5. 13.5 Trademarks
    6. 13.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 13.7 Glossary
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Line Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO/SYNC/EN Pin)

The device has a dual-level EN/UVLO circuit. During power on, if the BIAS pin voltage is greater than 2.7 V and the UVLO pin voltage is between the enable threshold (VEN) and the UVLO threshold (VUVLO) for more than 1.5 µs (see Section 9.3.6 for more details), the device starts up and an internal configuration starts. The device typically requires a 90-µs internal start-up delay before entering standby mode. In standby mode, the VCC regulator and RT regulator are operational, the SS pin is grounded, and there is no switching at the SW pin.

GUID-10D087C1-87D8-44E4-A3EB-E33410147ADE-low.gifFigure 9-1 Line UVLO and Enable

When the UVLO pin voltage is above the UVLO threshold, the device enters run mode. In run mode, a soft-start sequence starts if the VCC voltage is greater than VCC UV threshold (VVCC-UVLO). UVLO hysteresis is accomplished with an internal 50-mV voltage hysteresis and an additional 5-μA current source that is switched on or off. When the UVLO pin voltage exceeds the UVLO threshold, the UVLO hysteresis current source is enabled to quickly raise the voltage at the UVLO pin. When the UVLO pin voltage falls below the UVLO threshold, the current source is disabled, causing the voltage at the UVLO pin to fall quickly. When the UVLO pin voltage is less than the enable threshold (VEN), the device enters shutdown mode after a 40-µs (typical) delay with all functions disabled.

GUID-2AD2B49F-17B5-4178-9F57-EBB016706187-low.gifFigure 9-2 Boost Start-Up Waveforms Case 1: Start-Up by VCC UVLO, UVLO Toggle After Start-Up
GUID-87E5DC7B-F74A-4A74-AE6C-8A628525751D-low.gifFigure 9-3 Boost Start-Up Waveforms Case 2: Start-Up by VCC UVLO, EN Toggle After Start-Up

The external UVLO resistor divider must be designed so that the voltage at the UVLO pin is greater than 1.5 V (typical) when the input voltage is in the desired operating range. The values of RUVLOT and RUVLOB can be calculated as shown in Equation 1 and Equation 2.

Equation 1. GUID-1A8B133E-F74B-418D-8732-4698E14DDBA4-low.gif

where

  • VSUPPLY(ON) is the desired start-up voltage of the converter
  • VSUPPLY(OFF) is the desired turn-off voltage of the converter
Equation 2. GUID-8BA5B2F1-FAA0-4409-A281-B8F54962801A-low.gif

A UVLO capacitor (CUVLO) is required in case the input voltage drops below the VSUPPLY(OFF) momentarily during start-up or during a severe load transient at the low input voltage. If the required UVLO capacitor is large, an additional series UVLO resistor (RUVLOS) can be used to quickly raise the voltage at the UVLO pin when the 5-μA hysteresis current turns on.

GUID-0FCC7EA6-DB35-4DF4-A41D-65515AC1B61B-low.gifFigure 9-4 Line UVLO using Three UVLO Resistors

Do not leave the UVLO pin floating. Connect to the BIAS pin if not used.