SNVSA47C February   2016  – December 2020 LM5165

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Integrated Power MOSFETs
      2. 7.3.2  Selectable PFM or COT Mode Converter Operation
      3. 7.3.3  COT Mode Light-Load Operation
      4. 7.3.4  Low Dropout Operation and 100% Duty Cycle Mode
      5. 7.3.5  Adjustable Output Voltage (FB)
      6. 7.3.6  Adjustable Current Limit
      7. 7.3.7  Precision Enable (EN) and Hysteresis (HYS)
      8. 7.3.8  Power Good (PGOOD)
      9. 7.3.9  Configurable Soft Start (SS)
      10. 7.3.10 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 7.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Active Mode in COT
      4. 7.4.4 Active Mode in PFM
      5. 7.4.5 Sleep Mode in PFM
  8. Applications and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Design 1: Wide VIN, Low IQ COT Converter Rated at 5 V, 150 mA
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.1.2.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
          2. 8.2.1.2.2 Switching Frequency – RT
          3. 8.2.1.2.3 Filter Inductor – LF
          4. 8.2.1.2.4 Output Capacitors – COUT
          5. 8.2.1.2.5 Series Ripple Resistor – RESR
          6. 8.2.1.2.6 Input Capacitor – CIN
          7. 8.2.1.2.7 Soft-Start Capacitor – CSS
        3. 8.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 Design 2: Small Solution Size PFM Converter Rated at 3.3 V, 50 mA
        1. 8.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.2.2.1 Peak Current Limit Setting – RILIM
          2. 8.2.2.2.2 Switching Frequency – LF
          3. 8.2.2.2.3 Output Capacitor – COUT
          4. 8.2.2.2.4 Input Capacitor – CIN
        3. 8.2.2.3 Application Curves
      3. 8.2.3 Design 3: High Density 12-V, 75-mA PFM Converter
        1. 8.2.3.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.3.2.1 Peak Current Limit Setting – RILIM
          2. 8.2.3.2.2 Switching Frequency – LF
          3. 8.2.3.2.3 Input and Output Capacitors – CIN, COUT
          4. 8.2.3.2.4 Feedback Resistors – RFB1, RFB2
          5. 8.2.3.2.5 Undervoltage Lockout Setpoint – RUV1, RUV2, RHYS
          6. 8.2.3.2.6 Soft Start – CSS
        3. 8.2.3.3 Application Curves
      4. 8.2.4 Design 4: 3.3-V, 150-mA COT Converter With High Efficiency
        1. 8.2.4.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.4.2 Application Curves
      5. 8.2.5 Design 5: 15-V, 150-mA, 600-kHz COT Converter
        1. 8.2.5.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.5.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.5.2.1 COT Output Ripple Voltage Reduction
        3. 8.2.5.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Compact PCB Layout for EMI Reduction
      2. 10.1.2 Feedback Resistor Layout
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 11.1.2 Development Support
      3. 11.1.3 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 11.4 Support Resources
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 11.7 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Configurable Soft Start (SS)

The LM5165 has a flexible and easy-to-use soft-start control pin, SS. The soft-start feature prevents inrush current impacting the LM5165 and the input supply when power is first applied. Soft start is achieved by slowly ramping up the target regulation voltage when the device is first enabled or powered up. Selectable and adjustable start-up timing options include minimum delay (no soft-start), 900-µs internally fixed soft start, and an externally programmable soft start.

The simplest way to use the LM5165 is to leave the SS pin open. The LM5165 employs the internal soft-start control ramp and starts up to the regulated output voltage in 900 µs. In applications with a large amount of output capacitance, higher VOUT, or other special requirements, extend the soft-start time by connecting an external capacitor CSS from SS to GND. Longer soft-start time further reduces the supply current needed to charge the output capacitors and supply any output loading. An internal current source ISS of 10 µA charges CSS and generates a ramp to control the ramp rate of the output voltage. Use Equation 8 to calculate the CSS capacitance for a desired soft-start time tSS.

Equation 8. GUID-BF399CB2-FA86-40D2-B906-15D46DBA8754-low.gif

CSS is discharged by an internal FET when VOUT is shutdown by EN, UVLO, or thermal shutdown.

It is desirable in some applications for the output voltage to reach its nominal setpoint in the shortest possible time. Connecting a 100-kΩ resistor from SS to GND disables the soft-start circuit, and the LM5165 operates in current limit during start-up to rapidly charge the output capacitance.

As negative inductor current is prevented, the LM5165 is capable of start-up into prebiased output conditions. With a prebiased output voltage, the LM5165 waits until the soft-start ramp allows regulation above the prebiased voltage and then follows the soft-start ramp to the regulation setpoint.