SNVSBZ3 June 2021 LM5168-Q1
Radiated EMI generated by high di/dt components relates to pulsing currents in switching converters. The larger the area covered by the path of a pulsing current, the more electromagnetic emission is generated. The key to minimizing radiated EMI is to identify the pulsing current path and minimize the area of that path. Figure 11-1 denotes the critical switching loop of the buck converter power stage in terms of EMI. The topological architecture of a buck converter means that a particularly high di/dt current path exists in the loop comprising the input capacitor and the integrated MOSFETs of the LM516x-Q1, and it becomes mandatory to reduce the parasitic inductance of this loop by minimizing the effective loop area.
The input capacitor provides the primary path for the high di/dt components of the current of the high-side MOSFET. Placing a ceramic capacitor as close as possible to the VIN and GND pins is the key to EMI reduction. Keep the trace connecting SW to the inductor as short as possible and just wide enough to carry the load current without excessive heating. Use short, thick traces or copper pours (shapes) for current conduction path to minimize parasitic resistance. Place the output capacitor close to the VOUT side of the inductor, and connect the return terminal of the capacitor to the GND pin and exposed PAD of the LM516x-Q1.