SNVSBJ0A December   2019  – June 2020 LM5170

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Simplified Application Circuit
      2.      Channel Current Tracking ISETA Command
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Bias Supply (VCC, VCCA)
      2. 8.3.2  Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO) and Master Enable or Disable
      3. 8.3.3  High Voltage Input (VIN, VINX)
      4. 8.3.4  Current Sense Amplifier
      5. 8.3.5  Control Commands
        1. 8.3.5.1 Channel Enable Commands (EN1, EN2)
        2. 8.3.5.2 Direction Command (DIR)
        3. 8.3.5.3 Channel Current Setting Commands (ISETA or ISETD)
      6. 8.3.6  Channel Current Monitor (IOUT1, IOUT2)
      7. 8.3.7  Cycle-by-Cycle Peak Current Limit (IPK)
      8. 8.3.8  Error Amplifier
      9. 8.3.9  Ramp Generator
      10. 8.3.10 Soft Start
        1. 8.3.10.1 Soft-Start Control by the SS Pin
        2. 8.3.10.2 Soft Start by MCU Through the ISET Pin
        3. 8.3.10.3 The SS Pin as the Restart Timer
      11. 8.3.11 Gate Drive Outputs, Dead Time Programming and Adaptive Dead Time (HO1, HO2, LO1, LO2, DT)
      12. 8.3.12 PWM Comparator
      13. 8.3.13 Oscillator (OSC)
      14. 8.3.14 Synchronization to an External Clock (SYNCIN, SYNCOUT)
      15. 8.3.15 Diode Emulation
      16. 8.3.16 Power MOSFET Failure Detection and Failure Protection (nFAULT, BRKG, BRKS)
        1. 8.3.16.1 Failure Detection Selection at the SYNCOUT Pin
        2. 8.3.16.2 Nominal Circuit Breaker Function
      17. 8.3.17 Overvoltage Protection (OVPA, OVPB)
        1. 8.3.17.1 HV-V- Port OVP (OVPA)
        2. 8.3.17.2 LV-Port OVP (OVPB)
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Multiphase Configurations (SYNCOUT, OPT)
        1. 8.4.1.1 Multiphase in Star Configuration
        2. 8.4.1.2 Configuration of 2, 3, or 4 Phases in Master-Slave Daisy-Chain Configurations
        3. 8.4.1.3 Configuration of 6 or 8 Phases in Master-Slave Daisy-Chain Configurations
      2. 8.4.2 Multiphase Total Current Monitoring
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Dynamic Dead Time Adjustment
      2. 8.5.2 Optional UVLO Programming
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Typical Key Waveforms
        1. 9.1.1.1 Typical Power-Up Sequence
        2. 9.1.1.2 One to Eight Phase Programming
      2. 9.1.2 Inner Current Loop Small Signal Models
        1. 9.1.2.1 Small Signal Model
        2. 9.1.2.2 Inner Current Loop Compensation
      3. 9.1.3 Compensating for the Non-Ideal Current Sense Resistor
      4. 9.1.4 Outer Voltage Loop Control
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 60-A, Dual-Phase, 48-V to 12-V Bidirectional Converter
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1  Determining the Duty Cycle
          2. 9.2.1.2.2  Oscillator Programming
          3. 9.2.1.2.3  Power Inductor, RMS and Peak Currents
          4. 9.2.1.2.4  Current Sense (RCS)
          5. 9.2.1.2.5  Current Setting Limits (ISETA or ISETD)
          6. 9.2.1.2.6  Peak Current Limit
          7. 9.2.1.2.7  Power MOSFETS
          8. 9.2.1.2.8  Bias Supply
          9. 9.2.1.2.9  Boot Strap
          10. 9.2.1.2.10 RAMP Generators
          11. 9.2.1.2.11 OVP
          12. 9.2.1.2.12 Dead Time
          13. 9.2.1.2.13 IOUT Monitors
          14. 9.2.1.2.14 UVLO Pin Usage
          15. 9.2.1.2.15 VIN Pin Configuration
          16. 9.2.1.2.16 Loop Compensation
          17. 9.2.1.2.17 Soft Start
          18. 9.2.1.2.18 ISET Pins
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Examples
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Development Support
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Bias Supply

The LM5170 requires an external 10- to 12-V VCC bias supply to operate. If not available in the system, the user can generate it from the LV-port using a buck-boost or SEPIC converter, or from the HV-port using a buck converter. Refer to the Texas Instruments LM25118-Q1 and LM5118-Q1 to implement a buck-boost converter, or LM5001-Q1 to implement a SEPIC converter, or the LM5160-Q1 and LM5161-Q1 to implement a buck converter.

The total load current of the bias supply is mainly determined by the total MOSFET gate charge Qg. Assume the system employs multiple LM5170s to implement M number of phases, and each phase uses N number of MOSFETs in parallel as one switch. There are 2× N MOSFETs per phase to drive. Then the total current to drive these MOSFETs through VCC bias supply is determined by Equation 60.

Equation 60. LM5170 eq_60_SNVSAQ6.gif

where

  • 5 mA is the worst case maximum current used by the control logic circuit of each phase.

In an example of a four-phase system employing two parallelled MOSFETs for one switch, where M = 4, N = 2, Qg = 100 nC, and Fsw = 100 KHz, the bias supply should be able to support at least the following total load current:

Equation 61. LM5170 eq_61_SNVSAQ6.gif

In an example of an eight-phase system employing the same parallel MOSFETs for one switch, the bias supply should be able to support the following total load current:

Equation 62. LM5170 eq_62_SNVSAQ6.gif

The VCC AC bypass ceramic capacitor CVCC = 1 to approximately 2.2 µF, rated at least 16 V, must be placed close to the VCC and PGND pins. Similarly, a ceramic capacitor CVCCA = 1 µF, rated at least 16 V, must be placed close to the VCCA and AGND pins. Place a 24-Ω resistor between VCC and VCCA pins.