SNVSBJ0A December 2019 – June 2020 LM5170
If the failure detection function is enabled, which also implies the circuit breaker being controlled by the LM5170, the LM5170 will perform a MOSFET failure detection during start-up. The detection starts after the UVLO is pulled higher than 2.5 V and VCC above 8.5 V. The detection operation lasts for 2 to 3 ms. During the detection, the LM5170 checks the high-side and low-side MOSFETs of both channels as well as the circuit breaker MOSFETs to see if any of them has drain-to-source shorted. If no failure is detected, a 330-µA current source at the BRKG pin is turned on to charge up the breaker MOSFET gates. When the BRKG to BRKS voltage rises above 8.5 V, the LM5170 enters standby mode, waiting for the EN1 and EN2 commands to operate in power delivery mode. The voltage across BRKG and BRKS is internally clamped to 12 V, preventing overvoltage stress on the breaker MOSFET gates.
If a failure of any MOSFET is detected, the LM5170 immediately pulls the nFAULT pin low, and keeps the LM5170 in a latched shutdown mode, thereby preventing catastrophic failure.
The nFAULT pin can also be externally pulled low during normal operation and the LM5170 immediately turns off the circuit breaker and stays in a latched shutdown. There is a 2-µs glitch filter at the nFAULT pin to prevent errant shutdown by possible noises at the nFAULT pin.
To release the nFAULT shutdown latch, it requires the UVLO pin to be externally forced below 1.25 V, or VCC is below 8 V.
The BRKG 330-µA current source is powered by the VIN pin, or the HV-Port. Therefore, the differential voltage between the HV-Port and LV-Port should be greater than 10 V to ensure that BRKG to BRKS voltage can establish > 8.5 V and allow the LM5170 to enter power delivery mode. The BRKG to BRKS voltage is internally clamped to 12 V if the differential voltage of the two ports is greater.
The load dump transient at the LV-Port may raise the rail voltage and reduce the differential voltage of the two ports to below 10 V. To maintain the circuit breaker to be closed during the transient, TI recommends adding a 1-nF to 10-nF capacitor across BRKG and BRKS to hold the gate voltage during the transient.
Note that the BRKG 330-µA current source will always be turned on once the LM5170 starts up. If the failure detection mode is deactivated, the LM5170 will also skip checking the BRKG to BRKS votlage condition. Therefore, the circuit breaker can still be controlled by the LM5170 even if the failure detection is deactivated. If the steady-state differential voltage between the HV-Port and LV-Port is less than 10 V during power up, TI does not recommend the user to activate the failure detection function. Also, if the differential voltage is less than 8 V, TI recommends not to use the circuit breaker function of the LM5170 at all.