SNVSBJ0A December 2019 – June 2020 LM5170
The LM5170 device is a high performance, dual-channel bidirectional current controller intended to manage current transfer between a Higher Voltage Port (HV-Port) and a Lower Voltage Port (LV-Port). It integrates essential analog functions that enable the design of high power converters with a minimal number of external components. It regulates DC current in the direction designated by the DIR pin input signal. The current regulation level is programmed by the analog signal applied at the ISETA pin or the digital PWM signal at the ISETD pin. Independent enable signals activate each channel of the dual controller.
The dual-channel differential current sense amplifiers and dedicated channel current monitors achieve typical accuracy of 1%. The robust 5-A half-bridge gate drivers are capable of controlling parallel MOSFET switches delivering 500 W or more per channel. The diode emulation mode of the buck or boost synchronous rectifiers enables discontinuous mode operation for improved efficiency under light load conditions, and it also prevents negative current. Versatile protection features include the cycle-by-cycle peak current limit, overvoltage protection of both 48-V and 12-V battery rails, detection and protection of MOSFET switch failures, and overtemperature protection.
The LM5170 uses average current mode control which simplifies compensation by eliminating the right-half plane zero in the boost operating mode and by maintaining a constant loop gain regardless of the operating voltages and load level. The free-running oscillator is adjustable up to 500 kHz and can be synchronized to an external clock within ±20% of the free running oscillator frequency. Stackable multiphase parallel operation is achieved by connecting two LM5170 controllers in parallel for 3 or 4 phase operation, or by synchronizing multiple LM5170 controllers to external multiphase clocks for a higher number of phases. The UVLO pin provides master ON/OFF control that disables the LM5170 in a low quiescent current shutdown state when the pin is held low.
Definition of IC Operation Modes: