SNVSBY6 October   2021 LM61430-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Timing Characteristics
    7. 7.7 Systems Characteristics
    8. 7.8 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  EN/SYNC Uses for Enable and VIN UVLO
      2. 8.3.2  EN/SYNC Pin Uses for Synchronization
      3. 8.3.3  Clock Locking
      4. 8.3.4  Adjustable Switching Frequency
      5. 8.3.5  PGOOD Output Operation
      6. 8.3.6  Internal LDO, VCC UVLO, and BIAS Input
      7. 8.3.7  Bootstrap Voltage and VCBOOT-UVLO (CBOOT Pin)
      8. 8.3.8  Adjustable SW Node Slew Rate
      9. 8.3.9  Spread Spectrum
      10. 8.3.10 Soft Start and Recovery From Dropout
      11. 8.3.11 Output Voltage Setting
      12. 8.3.12 Overcurrent and Short Circuit Protection
      13. 8.3.13 Thermal Shutdown
      14. 8.3.14 Input Supply Current
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 8.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Active Mode
        1. Auto Mode - Light-Load Operation
          1. Diode Emulation
          2. Frequency Reduction
        2. FPWM Mode - Light-Load Operation
          1. CCM Mode
        3. Minimum On Time (High Input Voltage) Operation
        4. Dropout
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1.  Choosing the Switching Frequency
        2.  Setting the Output Voltage
        3.  Inductor Selection
        4.  Output Capacitor Selection
        5.  Input Capacitor Selection
        6.  BOOT Capacitor
        7.  BOOT Resistor
        8.  VCC
        9.  BIAS
        10. CFF and RFF Selection
        11. External UVLO
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 11.1.1 Ground and Thermal Considerations
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Inductor Selection

The parameters for selecting the inductor are the inductance and saturation current. The inductance is based on the desired peak-to-peak ripple current and is normally chosen to be in the range of 20% to 40% of the maximum output current. Experience shows that the best value for inductor ripple current is 30% of the maximum load current for systems with a fixed input voltage and 25% for systems with a variable input voltage such as the 12-V battery in a car. Note that when selecting the ripple current for applications with much smaller maximum load than the maximum available from the device, the maximum device current must still be used. Equation 9 can be used to determine the value of inductance. The constant K is the percentage of inductor current ripple. For this example, K = 0.25 was chosen and an inductance of approximately 1.85 μH was found. The next standard value of 1.5 μH was selected.

Equation 9. GUID-59FC0C4C-AE2A-455F-8796-C3B663C6C412-low.gif

The saturation current rating of the inductor must be at least as large as the high-side switch current limit, IL-HS (see the Electrical Characteristics). This ensures that the inductor does not saturate even during a short circuit on the output. When the inductor core material saturates, the inductance falls to a very low value, causing the inductor current to rise very rapidly. Although the valley current limit, IL-LS, is designed to reduce the risk of current run-away, a saturated inductor can cause the current to rise to high values very rapidly. This can lead to component damage; do not allow the inductor to saturate. Inductors with a ferrite core material have very hard saturation characteristics, but usually have lower core losses than powdered iron cores. Powdered iron cores exhibit a soft saturation, allowing some relaxation in the current rating of the inductor. However, they have more core losses at frequencies typically above 1 MHz. In any case, the inductor saturation current must not be less than the device high-side current limit, IL-HS (see the Electrical Characteristics). To avoid subharmonic oscillation, the inductance value must not be less than that given in Equation 10. The maximum inductance is limited by the minimum current ripple required for the current mode control to perform correctly. As a rule-of-thumb, the minimum inductor ripple current must be no less than about 10% of the device maximum rated current under nominal conditions.

Equation 10. GUID-711F929D-ECE1-4FF8-9238-2F8568BD421B-low.gif

Equation 10 assumes that this design must operate with input voltage near or in dropout. If minimum operating voltage for this design is high enough to limit duty factor to below 50%, Equation 9 can be used in place of Equation 10.

Note that choosing an inductor that is larger than the minimum inductance calculated using Equation 9 through Equation 10 results in less output capacitance being needed to limit output ripple but more output capacitance being needed to manage large load transients. See Section