SNOS760C May   1999  – September 2014 LM7171


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 Handling Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 ±15V DC Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 ±15V AC Electrical Characteristics
    7. 6.7 ±5V DC Electrical Characteristics
    8. 6.8 ±5V AC Electrical Characteristics
    9. 6.9 Typical Performance Characteristics
  7. Application and Implementation
    1. 7.1 Application Information
    2. 7.2 Circuit Operation
    3. 7.3 Slew Rate Characteristic
    4. 7.4 Slew Rate Limitation
    5. 7.5 Compensation For Input Capacitance
    6. 7.6 Application Circuit
  8. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 8.1 Power Supply Bypassing
    2. 8.2 Termination
    3. 8.3 Driving Capacitive Loads
    4. 8.4 Power Dissipation
  9. Layout
    1. 9.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 9.1.1 Printed Circuit Board and High Speed Op Amps
      2. 9.1.2 Using Probes
      3. 9.1.3 Component Selection and Feedback Resistor
  10. 10Device and Documentation Support
    1. 10.1 Trademarks
    2. 10.2 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    3. 10.3 Glossary
  11. 11Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

7 Application and Implementation

7.1 Application Information

The LM7171 is a very high speed, voltage feedback amplifier. It consumes only 6.5 mA supply current while providing a unity-gain bandwidth of 200 MHz and a slew rate of 4100V/μs. It also has other great features such as low differential gain and phase and high output current.

The LM7171 is a true voltage feedback amplifier. Unlike current feedback amplifiers (CFAs) with a low inverting input impedance and a high non-inverting input impedance, both inputs of voltage feedback amplifiers (VFAs) have high impedance nodes. The low impedance inverting input in CFAs and a feedback capacitor create an additional pole that will lead to instability. As a result, CFAs cannot be used in traditional op amp circuits such as photodiode amplifiers, I-to-V converters and integrators where a feedback capacitor is required.

7.2 Circuit Operation

The class AB input stage in LM7171 is fully symmetrical and has a similar slewing characteristic to the current feedback amplifiers. In the LM7171 Simplified Schematic, Q1 through Q4 form the equivalent of the current feedback input buffer, RE the equivalent of the feedback resistor, and stage A buffers the inverting input. The triple-buffered output stage isolates the gain stage from the load to provide low output impedance.

7.3 Slew Rate Characteristic

The slew rate of LM7171 is determined by the current available to charge and discharge an internal high impedance node capacitor. This current is the differential input voltage divided by the total degeneration resistor RE. Therefore, the slew rate is proportional to the input voltage level, and the higher slew rates are achievable in the lower gain configurations. A curve of slew rate versus input voltage level is provided in Typical Performance Characteristics

When a very fast large signal pulse is applied to the input of an amplifier, some overshoot or undershoot occurs. By placing an external resistor such as 1 kΩ in series with the input of LM7171, the bandwidth is reduced to help lower the overshoot.

7.4 Slew Rate Limitation

If the amplifier's input signal has too large of an amplitude at too high of a frequency, the amplifier is said to be slew rate limited; this can cause ringing in time domain and peaking in frequency domain at the output of the amplifier.

In Typical Performance Characteristics, there are several curves of AV = +2 and AV = +4 versus input signal levels. For the AV = +4 curves, no peaking is present and the LM7171 responds identically to the different input signal levels of 30 mV, 100 mV and 300 mV.

For the AV = +2 curves, with slight peaking occurs. This peaking at high frequency (>100 MHz) is caused by a large input signal at high enough frequency that exceeds the amplifier's slew rate. The peaking in frequency response does not limit the pulse response in time domain, and the LM7171 is stable with noise gain of ≥+2.

7.5 Compensation For Input Capacitance

The combination of an amplifier's input capacitance with the gain setting resistors adds a pole that can cause peaking or oscillation. To solve this problem, a feedback capacitor with a value

Equation 1. CF > (RG × CIN)/RF

can be used to cancel that pole. For LM7171, a feedback capacitor of 2 pF is recommended. Figure 54 illustrates the compensation circuit.

01238510.pngFigure 54. Compensating for Input Capacitance

7.6 Application Circuit

01238514.pngFigure 55. Fast Instrumentation Amplifier
01238515.pngFigure 56. Multivibrator
01238516.pngFigure 57. Pulse Width Modulator
01238521.pngFigure 58. Video Line Driver