SNVSAK0A October   2017  – October 2019 LM76002 , LM76003


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Simplified Schematic
    2.     Efficiency vs Output Current (VOUT = 5 V, fSW = 400 kHz, Auto Mode)
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Switching Characteristics
    8. 6.8 System Characteristics
    9. 6.9 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Fixed-Frequency, Peak-Current-Mode Control
      2. 7.3.2  Light Load Operation Modes — PFM and FPWM
      3. 7.3.3  Adjustable Output Voltage
      4. 7.3.4  Enable (EN Pin) and UVLO
      5. 7.3.5  Internal LDO, VCC UVLO, and Bias Input
      6. 7.3.6  Soft Start and Voltage Tracking (SS/TRK)
      7. 7.3.7  Adjustable Switching Frequency (RT) and Frequency Synchronization
      8. 7.3.8  Minimum On-Time, Minimum Off-Time, and Frequency Foldback at Dropout Conditions
      9. 7.3.9  Internal Compensation and CFF
      10. 7.3.10 Bootstrap Voltage and VBOOT UVLO (BOOT Pin)
      11. 7.3.11 Power Good and Overvoltage Protection (PGOOD)
      12. 7.3.12 Overcurrent and Short-Circuit Protection
      13. 7.3.13 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 7.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Active Mode
      4. 7.4.4 CCM Mode
      5. 7.4.5 DCM Mode
      6. 7.4.6 Light Load Mode
      7. 7.4.7 Foldback Mode
      8. 7.4.8 Forced Pulse-Width-Modulation Mode
      9. 7.4.9 Self-Bias Mode
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1.  Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
        2.  Output Voltage Setpoint
        3.  Switching Frequency
        4.  Input Capacitors
        5.  Inductor Selection
        6.  Output Capacitor Selection
        7.  Feed-Forward Capacitor
        8.  Bootstrap Capacitors
        9.  VCC Capacitors
        10. BIAS Capacitors
        11. Soft-Start Capacitors
        12. Undervoltage Lockout Setpoint
        13. PGOOD
        14. Synchronization
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Layout Highlights
      2. 10.1.2 Compact Layout for EMI Reduction
      3. 10.1.3 Ground Plane and Thermal Considerations
      4. 10.1.4 Feedback Resistors
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Design
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Overcurrent and Short-Circuit Protection

The LM76002/LM76003 is protected from overcurrent conditions by cycle-by-cycle current limiting on both peak and valley of the inductor current. Hiccup mode is activated if a fault condition persists to prevent overheating.

High-side MOSFET overcurrent protection is implemented by the nature of the peak current-mode control. The HS switch current is sensed when the HS is turned on after a blanking time. The HS switch current is compared to the either the minimum of a fixed current set point (ISC) or the output of the voltage regulation loop minus slope compensation every switching cycle. The slope compensation increases with duty cycle and tends to lower the HS current limit above 60% duty cycle as it lowers below ISC. See Typical Characteristics.

When the LS switch is turned on, the current going through it is also sensed and monitored. Before turning off the LS switch at the end of every clock cycle, the LS current is compared to the LS current limit. If the LS current limit is exceeded, the LS MOSFET stays on, and the HS switch is not turned on. The LS switch is kept ON so that inductor current keeps ramping down, until the inductor current ramps below ILSLIMIT. The LS switch is turned off once the LS current falls below the limit, and the HS switch is turned on again after a dead time.

If the current of the LS switch is higher than the LS current limit for 128 consecutive cycles, and the feedback voltage falls 60% below regulation, hiccup current-protection mode is activated. In hiccup mode, the regulator is shut down and kept off for 40 ms typically before the LM76002/LM76003 tries to start again. If overcurrent or a short-circuit fault condition still exists, hiccup repeats until the fault condition is removed. Hiccup mode reduces power dissipation under severe overcurrent conditions, and prevents overheating and potential damage to the device. Under non-severe overcurrent conditions when the feedback voltage has not fallen 60% below regulation, the LM76002/LM76003 reduces the switching frequency and keeps the inductor current valley clamped at the LS current limit level. This operation mode allows slight overcurrent operation during load transients without tripping hiccup.

If tracking was used for initial sequencing the device attempts to restart using the internal soft-start circuit until the tracking voltage is reached.