SLUSEG8B October 2021 – February 2022 LMR54406 , LMR54410

PRODUCTION DATA

- 1 Features
- 2 Applications
- 3 Description
- 4 Revision History
- 5 Device Comparison Table
- 6 Pin Configuration and Functions
- 7 Specifications
- 8 Detailed Description
- 9 Application and Implementation
- 10Power Supply Recommendations
- 11Layout
- 12Device and Documentation Support
- 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

- DBV|6

The minimum ON time (T_{ON_MIN}) is the shortest duration of time that the high-side switch can be turned on. T_{ON_MIN} is typically 60 ns for the LMR544xx. The minimum OFF time (T_{OFF_MIN}) is the shortest duration of time that the high-side switch can be off. T_{OFF_MIN} is typically 110 ns. In CCM operation, T_{ON_MIN} and T_{OFF_MIN} limit the voltage conversion range without switching frequency foldback.

The minimum duty cycle without frequency foldback allowed is:

Equation 2. D_{MIN} = T_{ON_MIN} × f_{SW}

The maximum duty cycle without frequency foldback allowed is:

Equation 3. D_{MAX} = 1 - T_{OFF_MIN} × f_{SW}

Given a required output voltage, the maximum V_{IN} without frequency foldback can be found by:

Equation 4.

The minimum V_{IN} without frequency foldback can be calculated by:

Equation 5.

In the LMR544xx, a frequency foldback scheme is employed once the T_{ON_MIN} or T_{OFF_MIN} is triggered, which can extend the maximum duty cycle or lower the minimum duty cycle.

The on time decreases while V_{IN} voltage increases. Once the on time decreases to T_{ON_MIN}, the switching frequency starts to decrease while V_{IN} continues to go up, which lowers the duty cycle further to keep V_{OUT} in regulation according to Equation 2.

The frequency foldback scheme also works once larger duty cycle is needed under a low V_{IN} condition. The frequency decreases once the device hits its T_{OFF_MIN}, which extends the maximum duty cycle according to Equation 3. In such condition, the frequency can be as low as approximately 133 kHz. A wide range of frequency foldback allows for the LMR544xx output voltage to stay in regulation with a much lower supply voltage V_{IN}, which leads to a lower effective dropout.

With frequency foldback while maintaining a regulated output voltage, V_{IN_MAX} is raised and V_{IN_MIN} is lowered by decreased f_{SW}.

V_{OUT} = 0.8V | f_{SW} = 1100 kHz |

V_{OUT} = 5 V | f_{SW} = 1100 kHz |