SNAS714B November   2016  – March 2018 LMS3635-Q1 , LMS3655-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      LMS3655-Q1 Conducted EMI: VOUT = 5 V, IOUT = 5 A
      2.      LMS3655-Q1 Efficiency: VOUT = 5 V
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Tables
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Thermal Information (for Device Mounted on PCB)
    6. 7.6 Electrical Characteristics
    7. 7.7 System Characteristics
    8. 7.8 Timing Requirements
    9. 7.9 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
      1. 8.2.1 Control Scheme
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 RESET Flag Output
      2. 8.3.2 Enable and Start-Up
      3. 8.3.3 Soft-Start Function
      4. 8.3.4 Current Limit
      5. 8.3.5 Hiccup Mode
      6. 8.3.6 Synchronizing Input
      7. 8.3.7 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO) and Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
      8. 8.3.8 Input Supply Current
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 AUTO Mode
      2. 8.4.2 FPWM Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Dropout
      4. 8.4.4 Spread-Spectrum Operation
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 General Application
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1 External Components Selection
            1. 9.2.1.2.1.1 Input Capacitors
            2. 9.2.1.2.1.2 Output Inductors and Capacitors
              1. 9.2.1.2.1.2.1 Inductor Selection
              2. 9.2.1.2.1.2.2 Output Capacitor Selection
          2. 9.2.1.2.2 Setting the Output Voltage
          3. 9.2.1.2.3 FB for Adjustable Output
          4. 9.2.1.2.4 VCC
          5. 9.2.1.2.5 BIAS
          6. 9.2.1.2.6 CBOOT
          7. 9.2.1.2.7 Maximum Ambient Temperature
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Fixed 5-V Output for USB-Type Applications
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 9.2.2.3 Application Curves
      3. 9.2.3 Fixed 3.3-V Output
        1. 9.2.3.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 9.2.3.3 Application Curves
      4. 9.2.4 6-V Adjustable Output
        1. 9.2.4.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.4.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 9.2.4.3 Application Curves
    3. 9.3 Do's and Don't's
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Related Links
    4. 12.4 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    5. 12.5 Community Resources
    6. 12.6 Trademarks
    7. 12.7 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    8. 12.8 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Output Capacitor Selection

The output capacitor of a switching converter absorbs the AC ripple current from the inductor, reduces the output voltage ripple, and provides the initial response to a load transient. The ripple voltage at the output of the converter is the product of the ripple current flowing through the output capacitor and the impedance of the capacitor. The impedance of the capacitor can be dominated by capacitive, resistive, or inductive elements within the capacitor, depending on the frequency of the ripple current. Ceramic capacitors have very low ESR and remain capacitive up to high frequencies. Their inductive component can be usually neglected at the operating frequency range of the converter.

The LMS36x5-Q1 is designed to work with low-ESR ceramic capacitors. For automotive applications, TI recommends X7R type capacitors. The effective value of these capacitors is defined as the actual capacitance under voltage bias and temperature. All ceramic capacitors have a large voltage coefficient, in addition to normal tolerances and temperature coefficients. Under DC bias, the capacitance value drops considerably. Larger case sizes or higher voltage capacitors are better in this regard. To help mitigate these effects, multiple small capacitors can be used in parallel to bring the minimum effective capacitance up to the desired value. This can also ease the RMS current requirements on a single capacitor. Table 7 shows the nominal and minimum values of total output ceramic capacitance recommended for the LMS36x5-Q1.The values shown also provide a starting point for other output voltages, when using the adjustable option. More output capacitance can be used to improve transient performance and reduce output voltage ripple.

In order to minimize ceramic capacitance, a low-ESR electrolytic capacitor can be used in parallel with minimal ceramic capacitance. As a starting point for designing with an output electrolytic capacitor, Table 8 shows the minimum ceramic capacitance recommended when paired with a 120-µF Aluminum-polymer (ESR = 25 mΩ) in order to maintain stable operation. Depending on load transient design requirements, the designer may choose to add additional capacitance.

In practice, the output capacitor has the most influence on the transient response and loop phase margin. Load transient testing and bode plots are the best way to validate any given design and should always be completed before the application goes into production. Make a careful study of temperature and bias voltage variation of any candidate ceramic capacitor in order to ensure that the minimum value of effective capacitance is provided. The best way to obtain an optimum design is to use the Texas Instruments WEBENCH Design Tool.

In adjustable applications the feed-forward capacitor, CFF, provides another degree of freedom when stabilizing and optimizing the design. Refer to Optimizing Transient Response of Internally Compensated DC-DC Converters With Feedforward Capacitor (SLVA289) for helpful information when adjusting the feed-forward capacitor.

In addition to the capacitance shown in Table 7, a small ceramic capacitor placed on the output can help to reduce high frequency noise. Small case-size ceramic capacitors in the range of 1 nF to 100 nF can be very helpful in reducing spikes on the output caused by inductor parasitics.

Limit the maximum value of total output capacitance to between 800 μF and 1200 μF. Large values of output capacitance can prevent the regulator from starting up correctly and adversely effect the loop stability. If values greater than the given range are to be used, then a careful study of start-up at full load and loop stability must be performed.

Table 7. Recommended Output Ceramic Capacitors (1)

OUTPUT VOLTAGE NOMINAL OUTPUT CERAMIC CAPACITANCE MINIMUM OUTPUT CERAMIC CAPACITANCE PART NUMBER
RATED CAPACITANCE RATED CAPACITANCE
3.3 V (fixed option) 5 × 47 µF 4 x 47µF GRM32ER71A476KE15L
5 V (fixed option) 4 × 47 µF 3 × 47µF GRM32ER71A476KE15L
6 V 4× 47 μF 3 × 47μF GRM32ER71A476KE15L
10 V(2) 4 × 47 μF 3 × 47 μF GRM32ER71A476KE15L
L = 10 μH
L = 20 μH

Table 8. Recommended Output Al-Polymer and Ceramic Capacitors (1)

OUTPUT VOLTAGE OUTPUT AL-POLYMER CAPACITANCE PART NUMBER MINIMUM OUTPUT CERAMIC CAPACITANCE
RATED CAPACITANCE RATED CAPACITANCE
3.3 V (fixed option) 120 µF APXE160ARA121MH70G 1 × 47µF + 1 x 20µF
5 V (fixed option) 120 µF APXE160ARA121MH70G 1 × 47µF

Consult Output Ripple Voltage for Buck Switching Regulator (SLVA630) for more details on the estimation of the output voltage ripple for this converter.