SBVS046D December   2003  – March 2016 REF3112 , REF3120 , REF3125 , REF3130 , REF3133 , REF3140


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Supply Voltage
      2. 8.3.2 Thermal Hysteresis
      3. 8.3.3 Temperature Drift
      4. 8.3.4 Noise Performance
      5. 8.3.5 Long-Term Stability
      6. 8.3.6 Load Regulation
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Negative Reference Voltage
      2. 8.4.2 Data Acquisition
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
    2. 12.2 Related Links
    3. 12.3 Community Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Refer to the PDF data sheet for device specific package drawings

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • DBZ|3
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

8 Detailed Description

8.1 Overview

The REF31xx is a family of series, CMOS, precision bandgap voltage references. The basic bandgap topology is shown in Functional Block Diagram. Transistors Q1 and Q2 are biased such that the current density of Q1 is greater than that of Q2. The difference of the two base-emitter voltages, Vbe1 – Vbe2, has a positive temperature coefficient and is forced across resistor R1. This voltage is gained up and added to the base-emitter voltage of Q2, which has a negative temperature coefficient. The resulting output voltage is virtually independent of temperature. The curvature of the bandgap voltage, as shown in Figure 3, is due to the slightly nonlinear temperature coefficient of the base-emitter voltage of Q2.

8.2 Functional Block Diagram

REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 ai_bandgap_ref_bvs046.gif

8.3 Feature Description

8.3.1 Supply Voltage

The REF31xx family of references features an extremely low dropout voltage. With the exception of the REF3112, which has a minimum supply requirement of 1.8 V, these references can be operated with a supply of only 5 mV above the output voltage in an unloaded condition. For loaded conditions, a typical dropout voltage versus load is shown in Typical Characteristics.

The REF31xx features a low quiescent current, which is extremely stable over changes in both temperature and supply. The typical room temperature quiescent current is 100 μA, and the maximum quiescent current over temperature is just 135 μA. The quiescent current typically changes less than 2 μA over the entire supply range, as shown in Figure 20.

REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 ai_current-voltage_bvs046.gif Figure 20. Supply Current vs Supply Voltage

Supply voltages below the specified levels can cause the REF31xx to momentarily draw currents greater than the typical quiescent current. This can be prevented by using a power supply with a fast rising edge and low output impedance.

8.3.2 Thermal Hysteresis

Thermal hysteresis for the REF31xx is defined as the change in output voltage after operating the device at 25°C, cycling the device through the specified temperature range, and returning to 25°C. It can be expressed as:

Equation 1. REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 q_vhyst_bvs046.gif


8.3.3 Temperature Drift

The REF31xx is designed to exhibit minimal drift error, defined as the change in output voltage over varying temperature. The drift is calculated using the box method, which is described in Equation 2:

Equation 2. REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 q_drift_bos392.gif

The REF31xx features a typical drift coefficient of 5 ppm from 0°C to 70°C, the primary temperature range for many applications. For the industrial temperature range of –40°C to +125°C, the REF31xx family drift increases to a typical value of 10 ppm.

8.3.4 Noise Performance

Typical 0.1-Hz to 10-Hz voltage noise can be seen in Figure 21. The noise voltage of the REF31xx increases with output voltage and operating temperature. Additional filtering may be used to improve output noise levels, although take care to ensure the output impedance does not degrade the AC performance.

REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 tc_noise_bvs046.gif Figure 21. 0.1-Hz to 10-Hz Noise

8.3.5 Long-Term Stability

Long-term stability refers to the change of the output voltage of a reference over a period of months or years. This effect lessens as time progresses, as is shown by the long-term stability curves. The typical drift value for the REF31xx is 70 ppm from 0 to 1000 hours. This parameter is characterized by measuring 30 units at regular intervals for a period of 1000 hours.

REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 tc_long_term_stability_bvs046.gif Figure 22. REF3112 Long-Term Stability

8.3.6 Load Regulation

Load regulation is defined as the change in output voltage due to changes in load current. The load regulation of the REF31xx is measured using force and sense contacts as pictured in Figure 23. The force and sense lines reduce the impact of contact and trace resistance, resulting in accurate measurement of the load regulation contributed solely by the REF31xx. For applications requiring improved load regulation, force and sense lines must be used.

REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 ai_load_reg_bvs046.gif Figure 23. Accurate Load Regulation of REF31xx

8.4 Device Functional Modes

8.4.1 Negative Reference Voltage

For applications requiring a negative and positive reference voltage, the REF31xx and OPA703 can be used to provide a dual-supply reference from a ±5-V supply. Figure 24 shows the REF3125 used to provide a ±2.5-V supply reference voltage. The low drift performance of the REF31xx complement the low offset voltage and low drift of the OPA703 to provide an accurate solution for split-supply applications.

REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 ai_ref_voltages_bvs046.gif Figure 24. REF3125 Combined With OPA703 to Create Positive and Negative Reference Voltages

8.4.2 Data Acquisition

Data acquisition systems often require stable voltage references to maintain accuracy. The REF31xx family features stability and a wide range of voltages suitable for most microcontrollers and data converters. Figure 25, Figure 26, and Figure 27 show basic data acquisition systems.

REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 ai_data_acq_1_bvs046.gif Figure 25. Basic Data Acquisition System 1
REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 ai_data_acq_2_bvs046.gif Figure 26. Basic Data Acquisition System 2
REF3112 REF3120 REF3125 REF3130 REF3133 REF3140 ai_driving_bvs046.gif Figure 27. REF3140 Provides an Accurate Reference for Driving the ADS8381