SLLSEP9H September   2015  – July 2019 SN6505A , SN6505B

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Simplified Schematic
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics, SN6505A
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics, SN6505B
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Push-Pull Converter
      2. 8.3.2 Core Magnetization
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Start-Up Mode
        1. 8.4.1.1 Soft-Start
      2. 8.4.2 Operating Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Shutdown-Mode
      4. 8.4.4 Spread Spectrum Clocking
      5. 8.4.5 External Clock Mode
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 Drive Capability
        2. 9.2.2.2 LDO Selection
        3. 9.2.2.3 Diode Selection
        4. 9.2.2.4 Capacitor Selection
        5. 9.2.2.5 Transformer Selection
          1. 9.2.2.5.1 V-t Product Calculation
          2. 9.2.2.5.2 Turns Ratio Estimate
          3. 9.2.2.5.3 Recommended Transformers
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
      4. 9.2.4 System Examples
        1. 9.2.4.1 Higher Output Voltage Designs
        2. 9.2.4.2 Application Circuits
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Related Links
    4. 12.4 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    5. 12.5 Community Resources
    6. 12.6 Trademarks
    7. 12.7 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    8. 12.8 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Turns Ratio Estimate

Assume the rectifier diodes and linear regulator has been selected. Also, it has been determined that the transformer chosen must have a V-t product of at least 11 Vμs. However, before searching the manufacturer web sites for a suitable transformer, the user still needs to know its minimum turns ratio that allows the push-pull converter to operate flawlessly over the specified current and temperature range. This minimum transformation ratio is expressed through the ratio of minimum secondary to minimum primary voltage multiplied by a correction factor that takes the transformer’s typical efficiency of 97% into account:

Equation 5. VP-min = VIN-min - VDS-max

VS-min must be large enough to allow for a maximum voltage drop, VF-max, across the rectifier diode and still provide sufficient input voltage for the regulator to remain in regulation. From the LDO Selection section, this minimum input voltage is known and by adding VF-max gives the minimum secondary voltage with:

Equation 6. VS-min = VF-max + VDO-max + VO-max
SN6505A SN6505B turns_ratio_llsea0.gifFigure 45. Establishing the Required Minimum Turns Ratio Through Nmin = 1.031 × VS-min / VP-min

Then calculating the available minimum primary voltage, VP-min, involves subtracting the maximum possible drain-source voltage of the device, VDS-max, from the minimum converter input voltage VIN-min:

Equation 7. VP-min = VIN-min – VDS-max

VDS-max however, is the product of the maximum RDS(on) and ID values for a given supply specified in the data sheet:

Equation 8. VDS-max = RDS-max × IDmax

Then inserting Equation 8 into Equation 7 yields:

Equation 9. VP-min = VIN-min - RDS-max x IDmax

and inserting Equation 9 and Equation 6 into Equation 5 provides the minimum turns ration with:

Equation 10. SN6505A SN6505B EQ8_amin_llsea0.gif

Example:

For a 3.3 VIN to 5 VOUT converter using the rectifier diode MBR0520L and the 5 V LDO, the data sheet values taken for a load current of 600 mA and a maximum temperature of 85°C are VF-max = 0.2 V,
VDO-max = 0.5 V, and VO-max = 5.1 V.

Then assuming that the converter input voltage is taken from a 3.3 V controller supply with a maximum ±2% accuracy makes VIN-min = 3.234 V. Finally the maximum values for drain-source resistance and drain current at 3.3 V are taken from the data sheet with RDS-max = 0.31 Ω and ID-max = 1 A.

Inserting the values above into Equation 10 yields a minimum turns ratio of:

Equation 11. SN6505A SN6505B EQ9_amin_llsea0.gif

Most commercially available transformers for 3-to-5 V push-pull converters offer turns ratios between 2.0 and 2.3 with a common tolerance of ±3%.