SLLS562M August   2009  – February 2022 SN65HVD3082E , SN65HVD3085E , SN65HVD3088E , SN75HVD3082E


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4  Thermal Information, SN65HVD308xE
    5. 6.5  Thermal Information, SNx5HVD3082E
    6. 6.6  Electrical Characteristics: Driver
    7. 6.7  Electrical Characteristics: Receiver
    8. 6.8  Electrical Characteristics
    9. 6.9  Switching Characteristics: Driver
    10. 6.10 Switching Characteristics
    11. 6.11 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
        1. Data Rate and Bus Length
        2. Stub Length
        3. Bus Loading
        4. Receiver Fail-safe
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Power Usage in an RS-485 Transceiver
        2. Low-Power Shutdown Mode
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
    3. 11.3 Thermal Considerations for IC Packages
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Related Links
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Power Usage in an RS-485 Transceiver

With power consumption being a concern in many applications, power supply current is delivered to the bus load as well as to the transceiver circuitry. For a typical RS-485 bus configuration, the load that an active driver must drive consists of all of the receiving nodes, plus the termination resistors at each end of the bus.

The load presented by the receiving nodes depends on the input impedance of the receiver. The TIA/EIA-485A standard defines a unit load as allowing up to 1 mA. With up to 32 unit loads allowed on the bus, the total current supplied to all receivers can be as high as 32 mA. The HVD308xE is rated as a 1/8 unit load device. As shown in Figure 6-1, the bus input current is less than 0.125 mA, allowing up to 256 nodes on a single bus.

The current in the termination resistors depends on the differential bus voltage. The standard requires active drivers to produce at least 1.5 V of differential signal. For a bus terminated with one standard 120-Ω resistor at each end, this sums to 25 mA differential output current whenever the bus is active. Typically, the HVD308xE can drive more than 25-mA to a 60-Ω load, resulting in a differential output voltage higher than the minimum required by the standard (see Figure 6-3).

Overall, the total load current can be 60 mA to a loaded RS-485 bus. This is in addition to the current required by the transceiver itself; the HVD308xE circuitry requires only about 0.4 mA with both driver and receiver enabled, and only 0.3 mA with either the driver enabled or with the receiver enabled. In low-power shutdown mode, neither the driver nor receiver is active, and the supply current is low.

Supply current increases with signaling rate primarily due to the totem pole outputs of the driver (see Figure 6-2). When these outputs change state, there is a moment when both the high-side and low-side output transistors are conducting and this creates a short spike in the supply current. As the frequency of state changes increases, more power is used.