The SNx5HVD308xE devices are half-duplex RS-485 transceivers commonly used for asynchronous data transmissions. The driver and receiver enable pins allow the configuration of different operating modes.
Using independent enable lines provides the most flexible control, as it allows the driver and the receiver to be turned on and off individually. While this configuration requires two control lines, it allows selective listening into the bus traffic whether the driver is transmitting data or not.
Combining the enable signals simplify the interface to the controller, by forming a single direction-control signal. In this configuration, the transceiver operates as a driver when the direction-control line is high and as a receiver when the direction-control line is low.
Additionally, only one line is required when connecting the receiver-enable input to ground and controlling only the driver-enable input. In this configuration, a node not only receives the data from the bus, but also the data it sends and can verify that the correct data has been transmitted.